Shield Therapeutics Edison

Fortified for growth

Shield Therapeutics 19 February 2019 Initiation
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Shield Therapeutics

Fortified for growth

Initiation of coverage

Pharma & biotech

19 February 2019

Price

48.5p

Market cap

£57m

US$/£0.76, €/£0.87, US$/€0.87

Net cash (£m) at 31 December 2018

9.8

Shares in issue

116.4m

Free float

28%

Code

STX

Primary exchange

AIM

Secondary exchange

N/A

Share price performance

%

1m

3m

12m

Abs

33.2

43.5

70.2

Rel (local)

29.0

39.5

72.8

52-week high/low

57.5p

15.5p

Business description

Shield Therapeutics is a commercial-stage pharmaceutical company. Its proprietary product, Feraccru, is approved by the EMA for iron deficiency and is undergoing review with the US FDA. Feraccru is currently marketed through partners Norgine, AOP Orphan and Ewopharma.

Next events

AEGIS-H2H vs IV iron

Q119

Feraccru US PDUFA date

27 July 2019

Feraccru launches in additional European countries

2020

Analysts

Dr Susie Jana

+44 (0)20 3077 5700

Dr Daniel Wilkinson

+44 (0)20 3077 5734

Dr Sean Conroy

+44 (0)20 3681 2534

Shield Therapeutics is a research client of Edison Investment Research Limited

Shield Therapeutics is focused on the development and commercialisation of Feraccru, a CHMP-approved oral formulation of iron positioned for the treatment of iron deficiency (ID) with or without anaemia. In 2018, out-licensing Feraccru to Norgine re-established an active salesforce in core EU5 territories and provided Shield with a cash injection of £11m. Additional near-term revenue (royalties and milestones) is expected as Norgine continues rollout of Feraccru across Europe in 2020. In the US, we expect Feraccru approval in 2019. We value Shield at £178m or 153p/share.

Year end

Revenue (£m)

PBT*
(£m)

EPS*
(p)

DPS
(p)

P/E
(x)

Yield
(%)

12/16

0.30

(13.5)

(12.7)

0.0

N/A

N/A

12/17

0.64

(18.4)

(15.2)

0.0

N/A

N/A

12/18e

11.90

(5.9)

(3.6)

0.0

N/A

N/A

12/19e

3.04

(9.3)

(6.7)

0.0

N/A

N/A

Note: *PBT and EPS are normalised, excluding amortisation of acquired intangibles and exceptional items.

ID & IDA presents a significant market opportunity

Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is large market globally; the 2015 Global Burden of Disease study estimated prevalence of c 1.5bn worldwide. Treatment discontinuation rates are high (30–60%) with first-line treatment utilising salt-based oral iron products (intolerable side effects) – the alternative is IV iron (requires hospital admission, higher costs, risk of anaphylaxis). Feraccru is non-salt-based oral iron with a preferential side effect profile (comparable to placebo), uniquely positioning it as an oral alternative to IV iron that aims to capture a portion of the IV iron market (c $1.1bn in 2017), which is forecast to grow (5.6% CAGR to 2024).

Partners key to Europe and US Feraccru sales

Norgine is re-establishing Feraccru sales in core markets (re-launching in the UK and Germany in December 2018) and will roll out into additional markets in Europe (as covered by the licensing deal) from 2020. Shield will be eligible for royalties on sales (25–40%) and milestone payments (up to €54.5m) for sales in Europe. Partnering strategies enhance economic returns and de-risk the investment case. Cost reductions enacted in 2018 have effectively lengthened Shield’s cash reach into 2020; we forecast sustainable profitability from 2022. Key inflections in 2019–20 include potential regulatory approval in the US (and partnering deal); top-line data from the head-to-head study, which could drive uptake in clinical adoption; sales growth across Europe and the US; and outcomes from patent objections from Teva.

Valuation: £178m or 153p/share

Our valuation of Shield, at £178m or 153p/share, is based on a risk-adjusted NPV model of Feraccru for IDA in Europe and for CKD/IBD-related IDA in the US market. Our NPV calculation is based on Feraccru achieving 2029 peak sales of £334m from Europe (€133m) and the US ($251m). Should a broader US label be granted, our fair value increases to 203p/share. A successful patent challenge from Teva will reduce the duration of exclusivity from 2035 to 2029 (provided by a manufacturing patent) and decreases our valuation to 92p/share. Given its commercial availability, we have utilised a 10% discount rate and risk-adjusted the US opportunity accordingly (75%).

Investment summary

Company description: Partner execution is key

Shield Therapeutics is a commercial-stage speciality pharmaceutical company based in the United Kingdom. Its primary focus is commercialisation of Feraccru, approved by the EMA for the treatment of iron deficiency, which is associated with many chronic illnesses and nutritional deficiencies. Feraccru (ferric maltol) is an oral formulation of iron, developed to overcome the side effect profile of salt-based oral iron therapies (which leads to drug discontinuation) and provides an alternative treatment to intravenously (IV) administered iron. Commercialisation of Feraccru in key markets (ex US) is in the hands of distribution partners Norgine, AOP Orphan and Ewopharma; effective sales execution by Norgine is critical to Feraccru’s success, given it has the rights to distribute Feraccru in Europe (ex Scandinavia, Austria and Switzerland), Australia and New Zealand. Shield retains the marketing rights to the US market and will seek a partner once a decision on regulatory approval is reached by the US FDA (PDUFA date of 27 July 2019, although this could be delayed by the US government shutdown). The company was co-founded in 2008, by CEO Carl Sterritt and listed on AIM in 2016, raising £32.5m gross.

Valuation: £178m or 153p/share

Our valuation of Shield Therapeutics, at £178m or 153p/share, is exclusively based on a risk-adjusted NPV model of Feraccru for treatment of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) in Europe and for CKD/IBD-related IDA in the US market. We are conservative on the US label; the FDA could grant a broader label in the US, which would provide upside to our numbers. Positive data from the AEGIS-H2H study could lead to higher penetration rates in the long term, but this will also be dependent on sales execution by Norgine and a yet to be announced US partner. Our forecasts model Feraccru sales out to 2035, based on the protection currently provided by Shield’s patents. Our NPV calculation incorporates end-December 2018 net cash of £9.8m (unaudited); we utilise a 10% discount rate given the commercially available status of the product and have risk-adjusted the US opportunity (75%).

Sensitivities: Dependent on one asset

Shield Therapeutics is subject to various sensitivities common to speciality pharmaceutical companies. The key sensitivities relate to sales execution risk; our forecasts and valuation are dependent on the successful commercialisation of Feraccru by partners. In Europe Teva has filed patent objections, which Shield will defend, but this could weigh on the stock. In the US, the 27 July PDUFA date may be at risk, with the US government shut down affecting resources at the FDA. Furthermore, with the focus on one asset in the short term, Shield’s strategy and our valuation are dependent on the successful commercialisation of Feraccru.

Financials: Cash runway into 2020

In 2018 Shield received an £11m upfront licence payment from Norgine and with operating costs significantly reduced following the restructuring of the company in 2018, this implies a cash runway into 2020. We forecast 2019 annual cash burn of £5.1m. Shield is dependent in the near term on royalty and milestone income from partners; a US partnering deal in 2019 should enable an upfront licensing payment. To fund operations beyond 2020, we forecast that an additional c £8m will need to be raised in 2020. We note that, for simplicity, in our model we currently illustrate this as a debt raise. However, an upfront licence payment from a potential US partner (2020) would alleviate the need for a fund-raise. Operating costs (R&D, G&A) will reduce from 2021; we forecast sustainable profitability from 2022 driven by the higher economic value retained by Shield through its partnering activities and reduction in cost base plus contributions from royalties on US Feraccru sales.

Positioned to take advantage of growing IV iron market

Shield’s economic value hinges on its sole commercial asset, Feraccru, a treatment for ID and IDA. Feraccru has demonstrated efficacy (consistent improvement in both haemoglobin levels and iron indices), with a side effect profile comparable to placebo, positioning it as a highly tolerable oral iron replacement therapy. Feraccru’s positioning is as an oral second-line therapy given to patients intolerant of conventional salt-based oral iron who would otherwise require treatment with intravenously (IV) administered iron and aims to capture a portion of the IV iron market (c $1.1bn in 2017). A critical factor to Feraccru’s success will be sales and marketing execution by established partners (Norgine in Europe) and a yet to be announced US partner. Initially, the drug’s prospects focus on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) related IDA (specialist physician setting), but could be used more broadly to treat ID with or without anaemia from any cause (primary care physician setting). An ongoing head-to-head study (against market-leading IV iron – Vifor’s Ferinject) is expected to complete in Q119.

We forecast peak sales of £334m in 2029 across Europe and US, however given Feraccru’s profile our expectations could be conservative. We note that Vifor’s Ferinject (Injectafer in the US) dominates this IV iron market, accounting for c 60% of the global market in 2017 with $659m in sales, and is forecast to reach $1.3bn in 2024 (9% CAGR) (source: EvaluatePharma). IV iron is still likely to be the dominant treatment in the acute care setting however, a non-inferiority claim would drive uptake and enable Feraccru to outperform our conservative sales forecasts. We provide an in-depth scenario analysis in our valuation section on how differing assumptions to our base could have a large impact on our valuation of the company.

Furthermore, Shield believes that Feraccru’s long-term economic potential resides in treatment of iron deficiency (with or without anaemia). The estimated number of ID patients (with or without anaemia) is huge (management estimates 40m in Europe). However, Feraccru’s ability to capture this broader opportunity will be determined on a paradigm shift in physicians diagnosing ID (tested through ferritin, transferrin saturation levels) and prescribing Feraccru to prevent anaemia.

2018 share price underperformance overdone, catalysts are ahead

In early 2018, Shield’s share price was heavily affected by the release of top-line data from the pivotal Phase III study AEGIS-CKD. Initial assessment of the blinded top-line data indicated that the trial failed to meet its primary endpoint and show a statistically significant in change of haemoglobin levels. Analysis of the intention-to-treat (ITT) patient population revealed events/factors had occurred to patients in both arms of the study that confounded the primary endpoint; subsequent analysis of this data, as per the protocol's statistical analysis plan (SAP), showed that in this modified ITT (mITT) population the primary endpoint had been met, with a statistically significant increase in haemoglobin levels observed in patients on Feraccru compared to those on placebo. Importantly, the US FDA has accepted the full analysis of the AEGIS-CKD data as part of the NDA submission.

The following events provide key inflections that will define a potentially transformative period in 2019–21:

Top-line data from AEGIS-H2H (Q119) – positive data would fortify Feraccru’s position as a 2L oral alternative to IV iron (prescribing, pricing and reimbursement implications).

Sales uptake of Feraccru (2019–2021) will be indicative of Norgine’s marketing efforts and launches into new markets (and the revenue streams to Shield).

US FDA decision on Feraccru (PDUFDA date 27 July 2019) – the breadth of the label, and a potential partnering deal for the US marketing rights, will further define the US opportunity.

Norgine marketing efforts key to EU5 sales

In September 2018 Shield announced a partnering deal with Netherlands-based Norgine, to market Feraccru in Europe (excluding those countries covered by pre-existing AOP Orphan and Ewopharma agreements), Australia and New Zealand. Importantly the deal enabled a cash injection of £11m to Shield (upfront payment). As of January 2019, Norgine has re-launched selling and marketing activities in the UK and Germany (80 reps), further launches (eg Spain, France, Italy) will be dependent on reimbursement decisions (expected in 2020) following AEGIS-H2H data in Q219.

Streamlined strategy to enhance long-term shareholder returns

Following the initial readout of the AEGIS-CKD study, Shield enacted a prudent cost reduction program to extend its cash runway. Primarily, this involved cessation of its Feraccru salesforce (18 reps) and moving the commercialisation strategy to out-licensing. Streamlining the company has resulted in a lean organisation, with the operating cost base now relating to R&D spend (associated with clinical studies for Feraccru, which are part of the CHMP requirement) and G&A. Operating costs will start to reduce from 2021. We expect investors to increasingly recognise the higher economic value retained by Shield through its lower-risk partnering activities and forecast sustainable profitability from 2022 with long-term margins of 56% (2024).

Feraccru: Uniquely positioned to treat iron deficiency

Feraccru is a differentiated treatment for iron deficiency (ID) and iron deficiency anaemia (IDA); it is a unique oral (non-salt) formulation which, unlike salt-based oral irons, does not release free iron in the intestine, mitigating the gastrointestinal side effects caused by oral iron salts. Iron levels in the body are regulated at this point of absorption; as such Feraccru cannot circumvent this regulated process that maintains iron homeostasis. IV iron circumvents this process by being administered directly into systemic circulation, carrying a risk of iron overload and allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) requiring hospital admission and close monitoring. As such, Feraccru has been positioned (and is being marketed in Europe) as a second-line (2L) treatment option (twice daily for a minimum of 12 weeks) to treat ID in patients who are intolerant of 1L salt-based oral irons, and require treatment with intravenous (IV) iron therapy to restore both blood haemoglobin (Hb) levels and iron stores. Exhibit 1 highlights Feraccru’s positioning to IV iron (Vifor Pharma’s Ferinject) and salt-based oral irons and its key differentiating features to its competitors. Feraccru will not replace the need for IV iron; rather it provides an alternative option for patients intolerant of salt-based oral irons.

Exhibit 1: Treatment options for iron deficiency anaemia

Salt-based oral iron

(ie ferrous sulphate)

Feraccru

(ferric maltol)

IV iron

(ie Ferinject)

Intervention

1L – mild to moderate iron deficiency anaemia

2L – mild to severe iron deficiency anaemia

2L – moderate to severe iron deficiency anaemia

Dosage

Oral – 200–300mg thrice daily, recommended to be taken with food

Oral – 30mg twice daily, on an empty stomach

Intravenous – multiple infusions administered in an acute care setting

Efficacy

Efficacious – when intestinal absorption is not impaired

Efficacious improves both haemoglobin levels and iron stores, clinical evidence established in CKD and IBD patient populations

Efficacious fast repletion of iron stores and particularly effective when intestinal absorption is impaired

Safety & tolerability

Safe but poorly tolerated in certain patients due to gastrointestinal side-effects (particularly in patients with IBD) leading to poor-compliance and worsening of condition

Safe and well tolerated with placebo-like side-effects. Formulation enables individuals to absorb as much iron as needed; unrequired drug is excreted and with no concerns of iron overload

Safe – but has an associated risk with iron overload (haemochromatosis), hypophosphatemia and anaphylaxis

Cost effectiveness

~£5–10 per 12-week course

Cheap and broadly prescribed

~£150 per 12-week course

Priced in-line with IV iron but mitigates cost of acute care

~£100–300 per treatment course

Additional costs incurred due to administration inpatient hospital care setting

Source: Edison Investment Research. Note: CKD – chronic kidney disease, IBD – inflammatory bowel disease.

Iron is critical for life

Iron plays an essential role as a co-factor in various enzymes, with its ability to readily cycle (redox) between two states ferric (Fe3+) and ferrous (Fe2+) underpinning its utility. It is the critical component of haemoglobin (Hb), a protein found in red blood cells (RBC), which transport oxygen throughout the body. Haemoglobin represents approximately two-thirds of the body’s iron. RBCs have finite lives (100–120 days) and the body constantly makes new RBCs, as the body’s need for iron is on a continual basis. The human body is dependent on its iron stores and daily intake of iron. Lack of or low iron levels (iron deficiency) in the body causes defective production of red blood cells (erythropoiesis) leading to anaemia, and is characterised by RBCs containing lower haemoglobin levels. The consequent reduction in oxygen supply to tissues (caused by anaemia) leads to a multitude of symptoms including weakness, fatigue and cognitive impairment; this clinical condition is defined as iron deficiency anaemia (IDA).

Iron deficiency is diagnosed by a biochemical test for low ferritin levels, whereas IDA is diagnosed by a biochemical test for Hb levels; both are done by venepuncture (blood sampling). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), adult males and females with blood Hb concentrations below 13 and 12g/dL, respectively, are considered anaemic (<11g/dL during pregnancy). We focus on IDA versus ID as the majority of initial blood tests conducted focus on full blood count, which includes Hb levels. Doctors must specifically request iron studies (to test for ferritin) to identify ID, which although more routine in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not routine for all patients.

Iron deficiency anaemia: A global health problem

Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anaemia globally (c 50%); the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 estimating IDA was prevalent in c 1.5 billion people globally and was the fourth leading cause of years lived with a disability. IDA is the most common nutritional disorder globally, yet it remains underdiagnosed and under treated across all countries. The prevalence of IDA is generally higher in countries with chronic malnutrition, but is poorly controlled in developed countries where diet is not the underlying cause. The prevalence of IDA can vary by country, but it is estimated that c 3% of the population across Europe and the US are diagnosed with IDA; in the UK alone an estimated four million people are believed to have the condition; the launch of the Anaemia Manifesto by UK Parliament in 2016 highlights the need for improvement in diagnosis rates and adequate treatment options.

Exhibit 2: Causes of ID/IDA and patient prevalence numbers

Source: Edison Investment Research

IDA can be caused by insufficient uptake (poor dietary intake), inadequate absorption (eg IBD) and increased need for iron by the body (pregnancy, acute or chronic blood loss, stomach ulcers, and cancers). This initiation note focuses on iron deficiency and IDA associated with IBD and CKD given the pivotal Phase III clinical trials were conducted in these patient subsets. Lifecycle management of Feraccru could involve conducting post-marketing studies targeting large primary care groups (eg women’s health, pregnancy, menstrual blood loss) to expand the prescriber base beyond hospital care.

Treatment dependent on severity and cause

Treatment of ID or IDA is usually in the form of iron supplements in addition to treatment of the underlying cause. Iron can be administered orally as a ferrous or a ferric salt, oral ferrous salts (OFP – oral ferrous products) are the most commonly prescribed iron replacement therapy. Many of these OFPs are available as generics and are typically needed to be taken daily for up to six months in order to adequately restore the body’s iron stores. While these products are utilised widely, a significant proportion (c 30%) of patients suffer from gastro-intestinal adverse events (eg nausea, pain, constipation, diarrhoea, black stools) that lead to discontinuation of treatment. IBD patients with active disease (Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis) report higher discontinuous rates (c 60%) as these side effects can present more of a burden as the gastro-intestinal tract is already inflamed. For patients who require therapy following failure of OFPs or severely anaemic patients, the alternative is intravenous (IV) iron administration. IV iron is highly effective at restoring the body’s iron levels; however, it must be administered in a hospital setting and can be associated with risk iron overload and anaphylaxis.

Feraccru’s development and patent exclusivity period

Feraccru was developed originally by BTG in conjunction with gastroenterologists at St Thomas’ Hospital London, UK, who identified an unmet need for an oral iron formulation to treat patients with IBD. Development was hampered by an expensive manufacturing process, until Vitra Pharmaceuticals acquired the IP from BTG and patented a commercially viable production process in 2003 that provided patent protection until 2023. Shield Therapeutics acquired the rights from Vitra in February 2010 for a mid-single-digit royalty rate on sales (c 5%). Since then Shield has filed a range of patents covering the composition, use and production of Feraccru. Importantly a key patent protecting the composition of matter (crystalline form) was granted in 2015, extending Shield’s protection out until 2035 across key markets in Europe and the US. At its FY18 trading update, Shield announced that objections against two of Feraccru’s patents have been raised with the European Patent Office (EPO) by Teva Pharmaceuticals; our base case assumes the patents hold and provide marketing exclusivity until 2035, we have provided a sensitivity analysis on differing scenarios to our base case in the valuation section.

A uniquely positioned oral iron supplement

Feraccru (ferric maltol) is an orally administered source of iron that is shielded by three maltol molecules. Unlike salt-based oral irons, the iron in Feraccru’s complex remains shielded until it is absorbed, mitigating side-effects caused by aggregation and oxidative stress of unbound, un-complexed iron salts in the small intestine. As the Feraccru complex is absorbed into intestinal wall the complex disassociates and iron is stored within the intestinal cells (enterocytes) bound to a storage protein (ferritin). On demand for new red blood cells, a hormone secreted from the kidneys (erythropoietin) enables iron to be transferred into systemic circulation (bound to transferrin) where it can be incorporated into haemoglobin production or stored in other organs. Feraccru is not known to circumvent this regulated process and is therefore unlikely to cause a toxic effect to organs through iron overload, a known risk with IV iron administration. Feraccru has proven clinical efficacy in treating IDA, and received regulatory approval from the European Medicines Agency (EMA), initially for the treatment of IDA in IBD patients (in February 2016) and then, more broadly, for the treatment of iron deficiency in general (in February 2018). A regulatory filing has been submitted (and accepted) to the US FDA (PDUFA date 27 July 2019).

Exhibit 3: Hypothesised mechanism of absorption for Feraccru

Source: Shield Therapeutics

Clinical development highlights

Exhibit 4 highlights the Phase III clinical trial programme initiated by Shield for Feraccru. The product was initially trialled in IBD patients as initial development of the drug was undertaken by gastroenterologists at St Thomas’ Hospital, London, who realised there was an unmet need in iron replacement therapy: an oral tolerable iron formulation as an alternative to IV iron. We focus below on data generated to date in IBD and CKD. A paediatric trial will initiate H219 (EMA requirement) and further post-marketing clinical trials could be undertaken (eg in women’s health) to ensure lifecycle management of the brand and expand use into primary care. IBD/CKD patients are typically hospital based so the initial commercial focus is on specialist physicians (gastroenterologists and nephrologists). In the nearer term, Shield may formulate a once a day tablet of Feraccru to increase compliance rates.

Exhibit 4: Feraccru Phase III clinical development

Study

Details/indication

Phase

ClinicalTrials.gov identifier

Study centres

Dose/
comparator

Primary outcome

Est. completion

AEGIS-1

Treat Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Quiescent Ulcerative Colitis (UC)

III

NCT01340872

Multi centre Europe

30mg bid/ placebo

Change in Hb concentration from baseline to week 12

Reported

AEGIS-2

Treat Iron Deficiency Anaemia in Quiescent Crohn's Disease (CD)

III

NCT01352221

Multi centre Europe

30mg bid/ placebo

Change in Hb concentration from baseline to week 12

Reported

AEGIS-CKD

Treatment of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Subjects With Chronic Kidney Disease

III

NCT02968368

Multi centre US

30mg bid/ placebo

Change in Hb concentration from baseline to week 16

Reported

AEGIS-H2H

Head to Head vs Intravenous Iron To Treat Iron Deficiency Anaemia in IBD (UC & CD)

III

NCT02680756

Multi centre US and Europe

30mg bid/ IV Ferric Carboxy Maltose

Number of subjects achieving either a 2g/dL increase in Hb OR normalisation of Hb (>12g/dL women, >13g/dL men) at week 12

March 2019

Source: ClinicalTrials.gov

AEGIS-1/2 data established efficacy in IBD patients

Feraccru’s regulatory approval by the EMA was based on the efficacy and safety data from the AEGIS-1/2 study, which showed Feraccru, could provide a clinically meaningful benefit to IBD patients with moderate to mild IDA. Data was combined from two IBD patient populations – ulcerative colitis (AEGIS-1) and Crohn’s disease (AEGIS-2) – totalling 128 patients in a randomised, 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study across multiple European centres (UK, Germany, Austria and Hungary) with a 52-week open-label extension.

Exhibit 5: AEGIS-1/2 top-line data (ITT FAS)

Exhibit 6: AEGIS-1/2 top-line data (ITT FAS)

Exhibit 5: AEGIS-1/2 top-line data (ITT FAS)

Exhibit 6: AEGIS-1/2 top-line data (ITT FAS)

As highlighted in Exhibit 5, the primary endpoint of the study was met, with a significant improvement in mean Hb levels (2.25g/dL, p < 0.0001) after 12 weeks on Feraccru (30mg bid) compared to placebo. A clinically relevant improvement in Hb levels (≥1g/dL) was observed in 78% of patients, with 66% of patients achieving normal levels of Hb after 12 weeks. Furthermore, iron indices were also improved throughout the study; notably an increase was observed in serum ferritin levels after 12 weeks (17.4μg/L), which continued to rise over the 52-week open-label extension (60.3μg/L). The safety and tolerability of Feraccru was broadly in line with placebo: predominately mild-moderate side-effects (58% on Feraccru vs 72% on placebo) with gastrointestinal (GI) related side-effects having the highest incidence (38% on Feraccru vs 40% on placebo). GI side-effects are the primary cause of poor compliance in IDA patients treated with OFPs (particularly IBD patients). Having a side effect profile in line with placebo demonstrates Feraccru’s tolerability; importantly, compliance was >97% across both arms of the study. AEGIS-1/2 data shows Feraccru provides a safe, tolerable and efficacious alternative for IBD patients. On the basis of these data, the EMA approved Feraccru for the treatment of IDA in adult patients with IBD in February 2016 and the label was extended to the treatment of iron deficiency in adults in February 2018.

Exhibit 7: IDA in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Overview

IBD is group of inflammatory conditions affecting the colon and small intestine; principally this covers two inflammatory chronic conditions: Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is a frequent comorbidity; its pathogenesis is multifactorial but results mainly from blood loss in inflamed mucosa and impaired dietary iron absorption.

Epidemiology

IBD is estimated to be prevalent in 0.3% of the European population. In the US between 2010 and 2014, it was estimated that 0.5% of the population had IBD (comprised of 0.24% with CD and 0.26% with UC) of which 16.3% of patients were diagnosed with IDA (17.4% in CD and 15.3% in UC).

Severity

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), adult males and females with a blood haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations below 13 and 12g/dL, respectively, are considered anaemic (<11g/dL during pregnancy). Patients are considered mild with Hb levels >11 g/dL, moderate >9.5 g/dL, severe >8g/dL and very severe <8 g/dL. Determining whether iron deficiency is the underlying cause of the anaemia can be achieved through measuring iron indices including transferrin saturation (TSAT) levels (ID >16%, IDA <16%) and ferritin levels (ID <30 μg/dL, IDA < 10 μg/dL).

Treatment

In the majority of cases where patients are not severely anaemic, iron supplementation to compensate for reduced dietary iron intake is the primary treatment option for IDA. Low-cost iron supplementation with oral ferrous products (OFPs) such as ferrous sulphate is widely prescribed as a 1L treatment. Gastrointestinal side effects are a common side effect leading to poor compliance, particularly in patients with IBD; a study by gastroenterologists in the UK highlighted that only 42% of IBD patients receiving OFPs completed their treatment course without experiencing side effects. Patients who are intolerant or unresponsive to OFPs progress to receiving 2L treatment with intravenous iron.

Source: Edison Investment Research

AEGIS-CKD data pivotal for FDA approval

Although the safety data generated in AEGIS-1/2 was compelling, following guidance received from the US FDA in 2013, safety across a broader cohort is necessary to obtain US marketing approval. The pivotal Phase III study (AEGIS-CKD) investigating Feraccru patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) with IDA has been accepted as part of the submission package by the FDA. AEGIS-CKD is a16-week double-blind, placebo-controlled study across multiple centres in the US with a 36-week open label extension.

In February 2018, analysis of the top-line blinded data for the study suggested that Feraccru had failed to show statistical significance improvement in Hb levels (p = 0.1686) as highlighted in Exhibit 8. Analysis of the data revealed that in the intention-to-treat (ITT) patient population, confounding events had occurred on both arms of the study: namely, 13 pts on Feraccru and 8 pts on placebo had received intervention with a concomitant treatment (IV or intramuscular iron injections, oral iron supplementation, erythropoietin stimulating agents, blood transfusions or donations) or had initiated dialysis, had a blood transfusion or donation for any cause, had major surgery.

Exhibit 8: AEGIS-CKD top-line data (ITT population)

Exhibit 9: AEGIS-CKD top-line data (mITT population)

Source: Company presentation 06APR2018

Source: Company presentation 06APR2018

Exhibit 8: AEGIS-CKD top-line data (ITT population)

Source: Company presentation 06APR2018

Exhibit 9: AEGIS-CKD top-line data (mITT population)

Source: Company presentation 06APR2018

Analysis of the unblinded data, as per the protocol's statistical analysis plan, showed in the mITT population (last observation carried forward) there was a significant increase in Hb levels (0.52 g/dL, p = 0.015) for patients on Feraccru (Exhibit 9). Although the mean improvement in Hb levels did not provide as significant an increase as the AEGIS-1/2 study (2.25 g/dL, p < 0.0001), this can be expected in CKD patients. A significant improvement in iron indices (vs. placebo) was also observed after 16-weeks, included improved ferritin (25.49 μg/dL, p = 0.0004) and TSAT (4.47%, p < 0.0001). In the subsequent 36-week open-label extension, similar improvements were seen with patients that switched from placebo; importantly, 73.5% of patients that enrolled into the extension completed the study, highlighting the scope for Feraccru to be prescribed year-round to maintain iron levels and prevent anaemia.

Exhibit 10: IDA in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD)

Overview

CKD is the gradual loss of kidney function over time and is driven by a variety of underlying diseases including diabetes. The kidneys function as filters of the blood removing waste products and controlling the balance of fluid and electrolytes. This occurs through a bundle of capillaries called glomeruli. Kidneys are responsible for the production of erythropoietin, a hormone responsible for stimulating the production of red blood cells, which also stimulates the uptake of iron from the small intestine into systemic circulation. Declining kidney function disrupts this hormonally regulated process and can result in the manifestation of IDA.

Epidemiology

In the US between 2007 and 2010, it was estimated that CKD was prevalent in 14.0% of the population (Stage 3–4: 7.4%) of which 15.4% of patients were diagnosed with IDA (Stage 3–4: 19.0%).

Severity

The progression and severity of CKD is measured by declining glomerular filtration rate (GFR, mL/min/1.73 m2): Stage 1 > 90, Stage 2 > 60, Stage 3 > 30, Stage 4 > 15, Stage 5 < 15. The severity of IDA is diagnosed through the same blood tests outlined in Exhibit 7, measuring Hb, TSAT and ferritin levels.

Treatment

Treatment of IDA in patients with CKD typically follows the same progression as those with IBD (as highlighted in Exhibit 7) with 1L treatment using OFPs followed by 2L intervention with IV iron. A study of the US veteran database highlighted c 30% of CKD patients with anaemia received OFPs. Unlike in IBD patients, OFPs are more tolerated in patients with CKD; gastro-intestinal side effects in patients without IBD occur in c 30% of patients. Erythropoietin stimulating agents (ESA) can also administered in patients to stimulate uptake of iron and production of red blood cells.

Source: Edison Investment Research

AEGIS-H2H data could define market penetration

Top-line data from the ongoing head-to-head study (AEGIS-H2H) comparing Feraccru to the market leading IV iron therapy (Vifor’s Ferinject) are expected in Q119. Although AEGIS-H2H is not required for regulatory approval, we believe positive data could drive a higher percentage of market share captured by Feraccru versus our expectations. AEGIS-H2H is a 52-week, open-label Phase-III study in 242 IBD patients with mild-severe IDA, randomised (1:1) onto either Feraccru or ferric carboxymaltose (Ferinject). The trial is a non-inferiority study, with the primary endpoint looking for a non-inferior improvement in Hb levels from baseline after 12 weeks on Feraccru (vs Ferinject), looking at the number of subjects showing a 2g/dL improvement in Hb levels or achieving normalisation.

Provided the primary endpoint is reached and the same number of IBD patients with IDA achieve the same increase in Hb levels (2g/dL) or normalization of Hb (>12g/dL women, >13g/dL men) at week 12, then there would be clear clinical evidence for Shield’s partners to market Feraccru as an alternative treatment option to Injectafer/Ferinject. From a safety perspective, the two main side effects associated with Injectafer/Ferinject are hypophosphatemia, apparent soon after infusion and lasting up to two weeks, and hypersensitivity. Should non-inferiority be established, the data will provide evidence that Feraccru is a suitable alternative to IV iron in the non-acute setting. The H2H data will not enable replacement of IV iron in all patients, but positive H2H data could enable higher uptake of Feraccru prescriptions and provide the foundations for pricing and reimbursement negotiations.

Commercial opportunity determined by IV iron market

Feraccru has been positioned, and is being marketed, as a second-line (2L) treatment option to ID patients who are intolerant to 1L oral ferrous supplements and would normally progress to requiring treatment with intravenous (IV) iron therapy. The market for iron products in 2017 was estimated to be c $1.3bn globally, of which was IV iron constituted $1.1bn (c 82%); consensus forecasts suggest the IV iron market will grow to $1.7bn in 2024 (source: EvaluatePharma), largely driven by increased uptake of higher-priced branded IV iron and favourable demographic changes (eg ageing population, growing incidence of chronic diseases rising diabetic population and patients with chronic kidney disease). The global IV iron market is fragmented with multiple IV market players operating within it; some operate on a domestic level, while others (eg Vifor Pharma, Sanofi, Daiichi) operate on local and international levels. The different brands of IV iron vary by primary iron formulation, dosage and indication.

Exhibit 11: Consensus sales forecast for Ferinject/Injectafer across the US and Europe

Source: EvaluatePharma. Note: *Combined sales of Ferinject, Injectafer, Venofer, Monofer and Feraheme.

Vifor Pharma’s Ferinject (marketed as Injectafer in the US by Luitpold Pharmaceuticals part of Daichii Sankyo) is the leading product (c 60% of IV iron sales in 2017) and has an improved safety profile to the older generation of IV iron products (which were largely associated with a risk of anaphylaxis). Vifor has grown the market through higher pricing and a strong commercial presence, and has driven clinical adoption and uptake. Ferinject in-market sales grew from CHF16m in 2008 to CHF692m in 2017, a function of growth in Europe where the product was initially launched, US launch in 2013 (under brand name Injectafer) plus data from additional indications such as heart failure as well as new EU oncology and ESC cardiology guidelines published in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Vifor estimates CHF2bn in-market sales potential (c 2025) for Ferinject/Injectafer driven by ROW launches (Japan and China) and extension of use into cardiology indications. The establishment of this market by Vifor is a positive for Feraccru; however, we would expect aggressive counter detailing as Vifor defends its market leading position. That said, Feraccru’s clinical data package (efficacy and tolerability) will appeal to a proportion of patients who may be reluctant to be treated by intravenous iron (hospital stay, cost, parental iron infusion side effects).

A pivotal indication as to how much of this market Feraccru can capture will stem from the ongoing Phase III AEGIS-H2H non-inferiority study. Shield has commissioned research that has polled gastroenterologists (n=117) and nephrologists (n=116) on likely use of Feraccru in the event of non-inferiority vs IV iron data; clinicians indicate that 45% of CKD patients and 43% of IBD patients with IDA could be placed on Feraccru.

Norgine partnership key to Feraccru’s success in Europe

In September 2018 Norgine licensed the rights to commercialise Feraccru in Europe (excluding countries covered by AOP Orphan and Ewopharma), Australia and New Zealand. Shield Therapeutics received a non-refundable upfront licence payment of £11m and is eligible for up to €54.5m in milestone payments, €4.5m of which relate to development milestones, which could crystallise over the next one to two years (AEGIS-H2H study, which has now fully recruited, and the Phase III paediatric study due to commence in H219). Shield will receive a tiered royalty rate of 25–40% from sales of Feraccru, and sales milestones of up to €50m. Norgine has full responsibility for commercialisation, reimbursement and regulatory affairs in Europe; Shield will be responsible for the manufacture and supply of Feraccru, as well as the initiation and completion of a Phase III paediatric study. Shield will receive reimbursement for manufacture and supply and this amount will be netted against the royalty received during each period. Shield additionally will pay 5% away to Vitra

Norgine is a Netherlands-based private specialist pharmaceutical company established 110 years ago. The company has a direct marketing presence in 12 European counties, Australia and New Zealand, and markets a variety of brands in gastroenterology, hepatology, cancer and supportive care. With over 1,000 employees globally (470 commercial, 160 medical and regulatory), Norgine has already deployed 80 sales reps in Germany and the UK since re-launching in December 2018, a significant uplift in marketing and sales presence compared to what Shield had established in H118 (c 20 reps). Norgine reported net product revenues of €345m in 2017 for its existing portfolio of drugs, including Movicol (€157m), Moviprep (€57m) and Xifaxan (€51m). Feraccru is a complementary addition (in terms of reps detailing to gastroenterologists and nephrologists).

US partnership likely post approval in 2019

Shield retains the marketing rights to the US market and will likely seek a partner once a decision on regulatory approval is reached by the US FDA (although the PDUFA date of 27 July 2019 could be delayed by the US government shutdown). The FDA has not requested additional trial data to form part of the submission package. We believe that the significant efficacy and safety data from both studies will lead to an approval of Feraccru for the US market, but the uncertainty is on whether the FDA will approve Feraccru for all ID patients (as per the EMA label) or could limit it to IDA associated with CKD or IBD; currently we assume the latter in our forecasts. The FDA may request a post marketing study be conducted prior to a line extension to all ID patients, but it is likely that such a study would be the responsibility of the out-licensee.

Beyond the rights to market Feraccru in the core territories in Europe (EU5) and the US, Shield has established partners (AOP Orphan and Ewopharma) to distribute and market Feraccru across 27 non-core markets; combined revenues from AOP Orphan and Ewopharma in 2018 were £0.2m (unaudited). Currently, we do not include these in our valuation, but highlight that growth in these markets and roll out in others could present upside.

Marketing exclusivity currently defined by 2035 patent

Objections against two of Shield’s patents for Feraccru have been raised with the European Patent Office (EPO) by Teva Pharmaceuticals, including a key patent protecting the composition of matter (crystalline form), which provides IP protection until 2035, and a patent for an alternative process for manufacturing Feraccru (which is protected until 2032). Management has confidence in the validity of these patents and its ability to defend them; the first set of oral proceedings (for the manufacturing patent) is scheduled for 14 March 2019. We have based our valuation for Feraccru on the underlying assumption that Shield will maintain marketing exclusivity in the US and Europe until 2035 from this patent protection. Should the validity of this composition of matter patent change, the duration of Shield’s exclusivity period is likely to shorten and would be provided through a patent covering the process employed in manufacturing Feraccru. This manufacturing patent protects the most effective process for producing Feraccru, preventing competitors from distributing Feraccru (produced by this process) in either the US or EU; Shield anticipates PTE and paediatric extensions will protect this process until early 2029. We highlight that providing Shield’s patents aren’t infringed, a generic version of ferric maltol could enter the market prior to this, but not until after data and marketing exclusivity periods provided by the US FDA and EMA have passed. Until a decision from the EPO on the validity of Teva’s objections is reached, we continue to expect that Shield will have market exclusivity and maintain peak sales for Feraccru until 2035.

Other assets in earlier stages of development: PT20

We believe the investment case for Shield hinges on the successful commercialisation of Feraccru in the EU5 and the US; should this be achieved, Shield could conduct a Phase III registrational study for its second-most advanced clinical asset PT20, a treatment of systemic phosphate accumulation (hyperphosphatemia). Management has not provided guidance for completing this study in the mid-term, but we highlight that PT20 presents an opportunity (in the long term) for Shield to diversify its portfolio offering beyond Feraccru and out-license an additional asset.

Sensitivities

Shield Therapeutics is subject to various sensitivities common to speciality pharmaceutical companies, including commercialisation (pricing, reimbursement, uptake and competition), manufacturing and financing risks. The key sensitivities for Shield Therapeutics relate to execution risk; our sales forecasts and valuation are dependent on the successful European commercialisation of Feraccru by licensing partner Norgine. In Europe Teva has filed patent objections, which Shield will defend, but this could weigh on the stock. In the US, the 27 July PDUFA date may be at risk, with US government shut down affecting resources at the FDA. Furthermore, with the focus on one asset in the short term, the valuation is skewed to and dependent on Feraccru; failure to meet our peak sales expectations and sales growth trajectory would have a serious and detrimental effect on Shield’s long-term strategy and our valuation.

Valuation

Our valuation of Shield Therapeutics, at £178m or 153p/share (Exhibit 12), is based on a risk-adjusted NPV model of Feraccru for treatment of ID in Europe (as covered by Norgine) and for CKD/IBD related ID in the US market. Our NPV calculation is based on Feraccru achieving peak sales of £334m in 2029 across Europe and the US; given its commercial availability, we utilise a 10% discount rate and risk adjust the US opportunity according (75%).

Exhibit 12: Valuation

Product

Indication

Launch

Peak sales

Value
(£)

Probability

rNPV
(£m)

rNPV/share
(£)

Feraccru Europe

IDA

2019

2028

98.5

100%

98.5

0.85

Feraccru US

IBD and CKD

2020

2029

92.4

75%

69.3

0.60

Net cash at 31 Dec 2018

 

 

9.8

100%

9.8

0.08

Valuation

 

 

 

200.7

177.6

1.53

Source: Edison Investment Research

Following the re-launch of Feraccru in December 2018, we forecast Feraccru will achieve peak sales in Europe of €130m (£113m) after 10 years in 2028 (and grow 2.5% pa until 2035); in the US we believe peak sales of $251m (£218m) will be achieved in 2029 (and grow 2.5% pa until 2035). Our forecasts have been derived from a bottom-up, epidemiology-based approach for the patient population we believe Feraccru will be marketed in; we rationalised this with a top-down view on the portion of Ferinject/Injectafer sales we believe Feraccru can capture across both Europe and the US based on consensus forecasts of sales in 2024. We believe our forecasts reflect the sales execution risk associated with marketing Feraccru through partners. We have highlighted the basis of our assumptions in Exhibit 13.

Exhibit 13: Feraccru peak sales forecasts

Product

Country (partner)

Indication

Launch year/
Peak sales

% iron supplement market in 2024

Assumptions

Feraccru

 

 

EU5

(Norgine)

IDA

2019/2028 €130m

(£113m)

Feraccru sales – €80m

4% global market (€1.78bn)

15% Ferinject (€529m)

Population covered by Norgine: c 400m; prevalence of IDA: 11.2m (3%); on OFPs: 8.4m (75%); intolerant due to GI side-effects: 2.5m (30%).

IDA population eligible in 2018: 2.5m (+2.5% growth pa).

Peak penetration 12.5% after 10 years: 393,000 patients on Feraccru in 2028; flat pricing €55/month (current UK £47.60); three months per treatment course as per label, plus an additional three months to ensure iron stores are replenished and prevent anaemia recurring as per clinical guidelines: €330 per six months treatment duration; peak sales in 2028: €130m.

US

(unpartnered)

IDA (IBD and CKD)

2020/2029 $251m

(£218m)

Feraccru sales – $129m

6% global market ($2.05bn)

18% Injectafer ($716m)

Population of US c 328m; prevalence of IBD: 1.65m (5%); diagnosed with IDA: 0.27m (16%); intolerant due to GI side effects: 0.16m (60%).

IBD population eligible in 2018: 162,000 (+2.5% growth pa).

Prevalence of stage 3–4 CKD: 24.3m (7.4%); diagnosed with IDA: 4.6m (19%); on OFPs: 1.4m (30%); intolerant due to GI side-effects: 0.42m (30%);

CKD population eligible in 2018: 420, 000 (+2.5% growth pa).

Peak penetration 25% after 10 years: 186,000 patients on Feraccru in 2029; flat pricing $300/month; three months per treatment course as per the EMA label plus three months to ensure iron stores are replenished: $1800 per 6 months treatment duration (w. 25% rebate $1350); peak sales in 2029: $251m

Source: Edison Investment Research, EvaluatePharma. Note: FX rate US$/€ – 0.87, US$/£ – 0.76, €/£ – 0.87

From the European market (as covered by Norgine), revenues to Shield comprise a tiered royalty (25–40%) on sales; development milestones (€4.5m) and sales related milestones of (€50m). CoGS comprise the cost of manufacturing Feraccru (c 10% of sales) and a pay-away to Vitra Pharmaceuticals for royalties on Norgine sales (5%). For the US, we have also risk adjusted the US opportunity, assigning a probability of success of 75%, in line with our treatment of assets at registration stage of development. We assume revenues comprise a flat 20% royalty rate on sales and a conservative £15m upfront payment from a potential US partner for valuation purposes. We do not include the potential US upfront payment in our financial forecasts given the uncertainty of the timing and amount. CoGS are comprised of the cost of manufacturing Feraccru (c 3% of sales) and a pay-away to Vitra Pharmaceuticals for royalties on sales (5%). In calculating NPV, we split R&D costs and G&A evenly between the Europe and the US as Shield will utilise data from the paediatric study to extend Feraccru paediatric use in the US and apply for paediatric data exclusivity. We model both US and European sales to composition of matter patent expiry in 2035. Adding in net cash of £9.8m (end-2018) and using a discount rate of 10% we reach our risk-adjusted NPV of £178m or 153p/share.

We note several assumptions could impact our valuation. Importantly, a successful patent challenge from Teva will reduce the duration of exclusivity for Feraccru to 2029 (provided by a manufacturing patent), which decreases our valuation to 92p/share. Should a broader US label be granted, Feraccru could achieve higher peak sales in 2029. Likewise, a non-inferiority claim (AEGIS-H2H) could lead to higher penetration rates. We have performed a sensitivity analysis (see Exhibit 14), which highlights how our forecast peak sales of Feraccru affects our valuation of Shield Therapeutics.

Exhibit 14: Feraccru rNPV sensitivity to changes in peak sales (£/share)

European peak sales in 2028

(via Norgine)

€52m

(5% IDA)

€130m

(12.5% IDA)

€260m

(25% IDA)

€520m

(50% IDA)

€780m

(75% IDA)

US peak sales in 2029
(unpartnered)

$125m
(12.5%IBD/CKD)

0.56

1.22

2.28

4.32

6.36

$251m
(25%IBD/CKD)

0.87

1.53

2.59

4.63

6.67

$458m
(12.5% IDA)

1.38

2.03

3.10

5.14

7.18

$915m
(25% IDA)

2.51

3.16

4.23

6.27

8.30

Source: Edison Investment Research; Note: all NPVs assume exclusivity until 2035.

Financials

Following the £11m upfront licence payment in September 2018, Shield has £9.8m (unaudited) in cash as of 31 December 2018 and zero debt. We forecast 2019 cash burn of c £5.1m implying a cash runway into 2020; we forecast end-2019 cash of £4.7m. Shield is dependent in the near term on the royalty and milestone income from partners; a US partnering deal in 2019 should enable an upfront licensing payment to extend the cash runway further. Our forecasts do not incorporate any upfront or milestone payments from a potential US partner given the unknown timing of a deal and thus exact deal metrics. To fund operations beyond 2020 we forecast that an additional c £8m will need to be raised in 2020. We note that, for simplicity, in our model we currently illustrate this as a debt raise. However, an upfront licence payment from a potential US partner would alleviate the need for a fund-raise.

Shield’s revenues remain wholly dependent on the success of Feraccru. Highlights from Shield’s 2018 trading statement, published 24 January, are FY18 revenues of c £11.9m included the £11.0m upfront licence payment from Norgine. In 2019, we forecast revenues of £3.0m (this includes £2.2m in development milestone payment from Norgine on completion of the AEGIS-H2H study), £2.7m in 2020 (no milestones) and £14.6m in 2021 (£1.7m milestone payment on completion of paediatric study and sales milestone for exceeding €25m sales). Our 2020 revenue forecasts assume a 20% royalty received on US sales although we do not factor any milestones (upfront or sales milestones) from a US deal into our financial forecasts.

We forecast a significant reduction in selling and marketing expenses from historical levels in 2017 (£9.1m) to £5.0m in 2018 (Shield reps were actively selling until end-H118) to zero from 2019 reflecting the closure of Shield’s own marketing efforts. We expect R&D levels to remain similar to 2017 (£4.7m) in 2018 (£5.0m) and reduce slightly in 2019 (£4.5m) as the AEGIS-CKD study wraps up and the paediatric study initiates (H219). R&D costs will reduce over time from 2020 (on completion of the paediatric study) to almost nil in 2022. Currently we do not include any potential R&D costs for a once a day formulation or any other post marketing clinical trials.

We expect that G&A costs will stay steady (2017: £5.1m) at £5.2m in FY18, declining to £5m in FY19 and reduce thereafter as regulatory related admin costs start to fall. Our G&A costs, however, do not include any potential legal costs related to defending IP in light of Teva’s filings. Shield reported a net loss of £19.6m in FY17; we forecast a net loss of £4.1m in FY18, £7.5m in FY19 and £9.0m in 2020. Based on the operational and price assumptions outlined above, we forecast that Shield will reach sustainable profitability in 2022 and, in the longer term, operating margins could reach some 50% by 2024.

Exhibit 15: Financial summary

Accounts: IFRS, Year-end: December, £000s

 

 

2016

2017

2018e

2019e

2020e

2021e

PROFIT & LOSS

Revenue

 

 

304.0

637.0

11,900.0

3,036.9

2,702.2

14,591.7

Operating revenues

 

 

304.0

637.0

11,900.0

3,036.9

2,702.2

14,591.7

Cost of sales

 

 

(100.0)

(155.0)

(300.0)

(531.1)

(1,532.2)

(6,170.0)

Gross profit

 

 

204.0

482.0

11,600.0

2,505.8

1,170.0

8,421.7

Gross margin %

 

 

n/a

n/a

n/a

n/a

0.9

0.9

SG&A (expenses)

 

 

(10,675.0)

(16,722.0)

(12,451.0)

(7,326.8)

(6,671.8)

(6,028.4)

R&D costs

 

 

(2,029.0)

(4,711.0)

(5,000.0)

(4,500.0)

(4,500.0)

(3,500.0)

Other income/(expense)

 

 

40.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

EBITDA (reported)

 

 

(10,524.0)

(18,514.0)

(3,600.0)

(6,994.2)

(7,830.0)

921.7

Depreciation and amortisation

 

 

(1,936.0)

(2,437.0)

(2,251.0)

(2,326.8)

(2,171.8)

(2,028.4)

Reported Operating Income

 

 

(12,460.0)

(20,951.0)

(5,851.0)

(9,321.1)

(10,001.9)

(1,106.7)

Exceptionals and adjustments

 

 

(2,157.0)

(2,571.0)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Adjusted Operating Income

 

 

(10,303.0)

(18,380.0)

(5,851.0)

(9,321.1)

(10,001.9)

(1,106.7)

Finance income/(expense)

 

 

(3,143.0)

(43.0)

(20.0)

0.0

(200.0)

(200.0)

Reported PBT

 

 

(15,603.0)

(20,994.0)

(5,871.0)

(9,321.1)

(10,201.9)

(1,306.7)

Adjusted PBT

 

 

(13,446.0)

(18,423.0)

(5,871.0)

(9,321.1)

(10,201.9)

(1,306.7)

Income tax expense

 

 

587.0

1,406.0

1,800.0

1,800.0

1,200.0

600.0

Reported net income

 

 

(15,016.0)

(19,588.0)

(4,071.0)

(7,521.1)

(9,001.9)

(706.7)

Basic average number of shares, m

 

101.2

112.4

112.4

112.4

112.4

112.4

Year-end number of shares, m

 

 

101.2

112.4

112.4

112.4

112.4

112.4

Basic EPS (p)

 

 

(14.84)

(17.43)

(3.62)

(6.69)

(8.01)

(0.63)

Adjusted EPS (p)

 

 

(12.71)

(15.15)

(3.62)

(6.69)

(8.01)

(0.63)

Dividend per share (p)

 

 

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

BALANCE SHEET

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Property, plant and equipment

 

 

19.0

13.0

15.1

16.6

17.6

18.3

Goodwill

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Intangible assets

 

 

28,984.0

29,961.0

30,963.9

28,891.6

26,974.8

25,201.7

Other non-current assets

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Total non-current assets

 

 

29,003.0

29,974.0

30,979.0

28,908.2

26,992.4

25,220.0

Cash and equivalents

 

 

20,978.0

13,299.0

9,803.6

4,669.8

5,088.8

6,150.8

Inventories

 

 

418.0

125.0

329.7

583.6

1,683.8

3,390.1

Trade and other receivables

 

 

1,985.0

1,572.0

2,225.3

1,889.9

5,938.8

14,121.0

Other current assets

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Total current assets

 

 

23,381.0

14,996.0

12,358.6

7,143.3

12,711.4

23,661.9

Non-current loans and borrowings

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

8,000.0

8,000.0

Other non-current liabilities

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Total non-current liabilities

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

8,000.0

8,000.0

Trade and other payables

 

 

3,827.0

3,501.0

5,439.6

5,106.6

9,260.7

18,645.5

Current loans and borrowings

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other current liabilities

 

 

161.0

262.0

262.0

262.0

262.0

262.0

Total current liabilities

 

 

3,988.0

3,763.0

5,701.6

5,368.6

9,522.7

18,907.5

Equity attributable to company

 

 

48,396.0

41,207.0

37,636.0

30,683.0

22,181.1

21,974.4

CASH FLOW STATEMENT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reported net income

 

 

(15,016.0)

(19,588.0)

(4,071.0)

(7,521.1)

(9,001.9)

(706.7)

Depreciation and amortisation

 

 

1,936.0

2,437.0

2,251.0

2,326.8

2,171.8

2,028.4

Share based payments

 

 

288.0

560.0

500.0

500.0

500.0

500.0

Other adjustments

 

 

3,382.0

39.0

0.0

0.5

0.5

0.5

Movements in working capital

 

 

(846.0)

(186.0)

1,080.6

(183.6)

(995.0)

(503.7)

Interest paid / received

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Income taxes paid / received

 

 

0.0

587.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cash from operations (CFO)

 

 

(10,256.0)

(16,151.0)

(239.4)

(4,877.8)

(7,325.0)

1,318.0

Capex

 

 

(3,175.0)

(3,408.0)

(3,256.0)

(256.0)

(256.0)

(256.0)

Acquisitions & disposals net

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other investing activities

 

 

177.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cash used in investing activities (CFIA)

 

 

(2,998.0)

(3,408.0)

(3,256.0)

(256.0)

(256.0)

(256.0)

Net proceeds from issue of shares

 

 

33,507.0

11,880.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Movements in debt

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

8,000.0

0.0

Other financing activities

 

 

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cash from financing activities (CFF)

 

 

33,507.0

11,880.0

0.0

0.0

8,000.0

0.0

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period

 

 

725.0

20,978.0

13,299.0

9,803.6

4,669.8

5,088.8

Increase/(decrease) in cash and equivalents

 

 

20,253.0

(7,679.0)

(3,495.4)

(5,133.8)

419.0

1,062.0

Cash and equivalents at end of period

 

 

20,978.0

13,299.0

9,803.6

4,669.8

5,088.8

6,150.8

Net (debt) cash

 

 

20,978.0

13,299.0

9,803.6

4,669.8

(2,911.2)

(1,849.2)

Source: Shield Therapeutics accounts, Edison Investment Research

Contact details

Revenue by geography

Northern Design Center Studio 6
3rd Floor Gateshead
NE8 3DF
United Kingdom
+44 (0)19 1511 8500
www.shieldtherapeutics.com

Contact details

Northern Design Center Studio 6
3rd Floor Gateshead
NE8 3DF
United Kingdom
+44 (0)19 1511 8500
www.shieldtherapeutics.com

Revenue by geography

Management team

Chairman: James Karis

CEO: Carl Sterritt

James Karis has been a non-executive director of Shield Therapeutics since February 2016 and was appointed non-executive chairman in January 2019. He has over 35 years of experience in the pharmaceutical, healthcare services, technology and medical device industries and has previously held senior management and executive roles at CollabRx, Entelos, Inc., PAREXEL International, Pharmaco International and Baxter International. He has a B.S. in Management and Economics from Purdue University and a M.A. in Applied Economics from The American University.

Carl Sterritt has led Shield as its CEO since he co-founded the group in 2008. He has approximately 20 years of management and executive level experience in pharmaceutical development and commercialisation. He has held senior management roles at United Therapeutics where he was pivotal in the commercialisation of Remodulin, a treatment for pulmonary hypertension, and at Encysive Pharmaceuticals until its acquisition by Pfizer. Carl has an academic background in life sciences and an MBA from Henley Management College.

Interim CFO: Tim Watts

CMO: Dr Mark Sampson

Tim Watts joined as interim chief financial officer in August 2018 and has over 25 years’ experience in the pharmaceutical and biotech sectors. He was previously CFO at Oxford BioMedica (2012–17) and Archimedes Pharma (2007–11), and spent 22 years at ICI, moving to FD of Zeneca Pharmaceuticals and then group financial controller of AstraZeneca in 2001. Tim is a qualified chartered accountant.

Dr Mark Sampson was appointed as VP, medical affairs at Shield in 2015 before transitioning into the role of CMO in 2016. With more than 25 years of medical practice, pharmaceutical development and commercialisation experience, Mark has a strong pedigree in medical development and leadership at companies such as SmithKline Beecham, Amgen and Gilead. Mark was also a member of the UK Prescription Medicines Code of Practice Appeals Board for 13 years.

Management team

Chairman: James Karis

James Karis has been a non-executive director of Shield Therapeutics since February 2016 and was appointed non-executive chairman in January 2019. He has over 35 years of experience in the pharmaceutical, healthcare services, technology and medical device industries and has previously held senior management and executive roles at CollabRx, Entelos, Inc., PAREXEL International, Pharmaco International and Baxter International. He has a B.S. in Management and Economics from Purdue University and a M.A. in Applied Economics from The American University.

CEO: Carl Sterritt

Carl Sterritt has led Shield as its CEO since he co-founded the group in 2008. He has approximately 20 years of management and executive level experience in pharmaceutical development and commercialisation. He has held senior management roles at United Therapeutics where he was pivotal in the commercialisation of Remodulin, a treatment for pulmonary hypertension, and at Encysive Pharmaceuticals until its acquisition by Pfizer. Carl has an academic background in life sciences and an MBA from Henley Management College.

Interim CFO: Tim Watts

Tim Watts joined as interim chief financial officer in August 2018 and has over 25 years’ experience in the pharmaceutical and biotech sectors. He was previously CFO at Oxford BioMedica (2012–17) and Archimedes Pharma (2007–11), and spent 22 years at ICI, moving to FD of Zeneca Pharmaceuticals and then group financial controller of AstraZeneca in 2001. Tim is a qualified chartered accountant.

CMO: Dr Mark Sampson

Dr Mark Sampson was appointed as VP, medical affairs at Shield in 2015 before transitioning into the role of CMO in 2016. With more than 25 years of medical practice, pharmaceutical development and commercialisation experience, Mark has a strong pedigree in medical development and leadership at companies such as SmithKline Beecham, Amgen and Gilead. Mark was also a member of the UK Prescription Medicines Code of Practice Appeals Board for 13 years.

Principal shareholders

(%)

W. Health L.P.

48.1

MaRu AG

10.8

Carl Sterritt

8.7

Richard Griffiths

7.8

Christian Schweiger

4.9

Universities Superannuation Scheme

4.4

Companies named in this report

Norgine Pharmaceuticals, AOP Orphan Pharmaceuticals, Ewopharma, Teva Pharmaceutical Industries (TLV: TEVA), Vifor Pharma (SWX: VIFN), BTG (LSE: BTG), Vitra Pharmaceuticals, Luitpold Pharmaceuticals, Daiichi Sankyo Company (TYO: 4568)


General disclaimer and copyright

This report has been commissioned by Shield Therapeutics and prepared and issued by Edison, in consideration of a fee payable by Shield Therapeutics. Edison Investment Research standard fees are £49,500 pa for the production and broad dissemination of a detailed note (Outlook) following by regular (typically quarterly) update notes. Fees are paid upfront in cash without recourse. Edison may seek additional fees for the provision of roadshows and related IR services for the client but does not get remunerated for any investment banking services. We never take payment in stock, options or warrants for any of our services.

Accuracy of content: All information used in the publication of this report has been compiled from publicly available sources that are believed to be reliable, however we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this report and have not sought for this information to be independently verified. Opinions contained in this report represent those of the Edison analyst at the time of publication. Forward-looking information or statements in this report contain information that is based on assumptions, forecasts of future results, estimates of amounts not yet determinable, and therefore involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of their subject matter to be materially different from current expectations.

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Copyright: Copyright 2019 Edison Investment Research Limited (Edison). All rights reserved FTSE International Limited (“FTSE”) © FTSE 2019. “FTSE®” is a trade mark of the London Stock Exchange Group companies and is used by FTSE International Limited under license. All rights in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings or underlying data. No further distribution of FTSE Data is permitted without FTSE’s express written consent.

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New Zealand

The research in this document is intended for New Zealand resident professional financial advisers or brokers (for use in their roles as financial advisers or brokers) and habitual investors who are “wholesale clients” for the purpose of the Financial Advisers Act 2008 (FAA) (as described in sections 5(c) (1)(a), (b) and (c) of the FAA). This is not a solicitation or inducement to buy, sell, subscribe, or underwrite any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. For the purpose of the FAA, the content of this report is of a general nature, is intended as a source of general information only and is not intended to constitute a recommendation or opinion in relation to acquiring or disposing (including refraining from acquiring or disposing) of securities. The distribution of this document is not a “personalised service” and, to the extent that it contains any financial advice, is intended only as a “class service” provided by Edison within the meaning of the FAA (i.e. without taking into account the particular financial situation or goals of any person). As such, it should not be relied upon in making an investment decision.

United Kingdom

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This Communication is being distributed in the United Kingdom and is directed only at (i) persons having professional experience in matters relating to investments, i.e. investment professionals within the meaning of Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as amended (the "FPO") (ii) high net-worth companies, unincorporated associations or other bodies within the meaning of Article 49 of the FPO and (iii) persons to whom it is otherwise lawful to distribute it. The investment or investment activity to which this document relates is available only to such persons. It is not intended that this document be distributed or passed on, directly or indirectly, to any other class of persons and in any event and under no circumstances should persons of any other description rely on or act upon the contents of this document (nor will such persons be able to purchase shares in the placing).

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United States

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Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1,185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1,185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

General disclaimer and copyright

This report has been commissioned by Shield Therapeutics and prepared and issued by Edison, in consideration of a fee payable by Shield Therapeutics. Edison Investment Research standard fees are £49,500 pa for the production and broad dissemination of a detailed note (Outlook) following by regular (typically quarterly) update notes. Fees are paid upfront in cash without recourse. Edison may seek additional fees for the provision of roadshows and related IR services for the client but does not get remunerated for any investment banking services. We never take payment in stock, options or warrants for any of our services.

Accuracy of content: All information used in the publication of this report has been compiled from publicly available sources that are believed to be reliable, however we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this report and have not sought for this information to be independently verified. Opinions contained in this report represent those of the Edison analyst at the time of publication. Forward-looking information or statements in this report contain information that is based on assumptions, forecasts of future results, estimates of amounts not yet determinable, and therefore involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of their subject matter to be materially different from current expectations.

Exclusion of Liability: To the fullest extent allowed by law, Edison shall not be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential losses, loss of profits, damages, costs or expenses incurred or suffered by you arising out or in connection with the access to, use of or reliance on any information contained on this note.

No personalised advice: The information that we provide should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as, personalised advice. Also, the information provided by us should not be construed by any subscriber or prospective subscriber as Edison’s solicitation to effect, or attempt to effect, any transaction in a security. The securities described in the report may not be eligible for sale in all jurisdictions or to certain categories of investors.

Investment in securities mentioned: Edison has a restrictive policy relating to personal dealing and conflicts of interest. Edison Group does not conduct any investment business and, accordingly, does not itself hold any positions in the securities mentioned in this report. However, the respective directors, officers, employees and contractors of Edison may have a position in any or related securities mentioned in this report, subject to Edison's policies on personal dealing and conflicts of interest.

Copyright: Copyright 2019 Edison Investment Research Limited (Edison). All rights reserved FTSE International Limited (“FTSE”) © FTSE 2019. “FTSE®” is a trade mark of the London Stock Exchange Group companies and is used by FTSE International Limited under license. All rights in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings or underlying data. No further distribution of FTSE Data is permitted without FTSE’s express written consent.

Australia

Edison Investment Research Pty Ltd (Edison AU) is the Australian subsidiary of Edison. Edison AU is a Corporate Authorised Representative (1252501) of Myonlineadvisers Pty Ltd who holds an Australian Financial Services Licence (Number: 427484). This research is issued in Australia by Edison AU and any access to it, is intended only for "wholesale clients" within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of Australia. Any advice given by Edison AU is general advice only and does not take into account your personal circumstances, needs or objectives. You should, before acting on this advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. If our advice relates to the acquisition, or possible acquisition, of a particular financial product you should read any relevant Product Disclosure Statement or like instrument.

New Zealand

The research in this document is intended for New Zealand resident professional financial advisers or brokers (for use in their roles as financial advisers or brokers) and habitual investors who are “wholesale clients” for the purpose of the Financial Advisers Act 2008 (FAA) (as described in sections 5(c) (1)(a), (b) and (c) of the FAA). This is not a solicitation or inducement to buy, sell, subscribe, or underwrite any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. For the purpose of the FAA, the content of this report is of a general nature, is intended as a source of general information only and is not intended to constitute a recommendation or opinion in relation to acquiring or disposing (including refraining from acquiring or disposing) of securities. The distribution of this document is not a “personalised service” and, to the extent that it contains any financial advice, is intended only as a “class service” provided by Edison within the meaning of the FAA (i.e. without taking into account the particular financial situation or goals of any person). As such, it should not be relied upon in making an investment decision.

United Kingdom

Neither this document and associated email (together, the "Communication") constitutes or form part of any offer for sale or subscription of, or solicitation of any offer to buy or subscribe for, any securities, nor shall it or any part of it form the basis of, or be relied on in connection with, any contract or commitment whatsoever. Any decision to purchase shares in the Company in the proposed placing should be made solely on the basis of the information to be contained in the admission document to be published in connection therewith.

This Communication is being distributed in the United Kingdom and is directed only at (i) persons having professional experience in matters relating to investments, i.e. investment professionals within the meaning of Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as amended (the "FPO") (ii) high net-worth companies, unincorporated associations or other bodies within the meaning of Article 49 of the FPO and (iii) persons to whom it is otherwise lawful to distribute it. The investment or investment activity to which this document relates is available only to such persons. It is not intended that this document be distributed or passed on, directly or indirectly, to any other class of persons and in any event and under no circumstances should persons of any other description rely on or act upon the contents of this document (nor will such persons be able to purchase shares in the placing).

This Communication is being supplied to you solely for your information and may not be reproduced by, further distributed to or published in whole or in part by, any other person.

United States

The Investment Research is a publication distributed in the United States by Edison Investment Research, Inc. Edison Investment Research, Inc. is registered as an investment adviser with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Edison relies upon the "publishers' exclusion" from the definition of investment adviser under Section 202(a) (11) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and corresponding state securities laws. This report is a bona fide publication of general and regular circulation offering impersonal investment-related advice, not tailored to a specific investment portfolio or the needs of current and/or prospective subscribers. As such, Edison does not offer or provide personal advice and the research provided is for informational purposes only. No mention of a particular security in this report constitutes a recommendation to buy, sell or hold that or any security, or that any particular security, portfolio of securities, transaction or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person.

Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1,185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1,185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

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