Charlie graduated from the University of Oxford as a chemist, joining Cazenove in the early 1990s. After brief stints working in pharmaceuticals and oils he settled down as Cazenove’s mining analyst, spending three years in Johannesburg, among other places. He moved to T Hoare Canaccord in 1999 as a specialist mining salesman and also worked for two years as Cluff Mining’s mineral economist, responsible for global target asset valuations. In 2003 he moved to New York, where he developed and marketed a ‘black box’ model for valuing large-cap equities, before returning to join Edison in 2007. He has extensive media experience, having written for MoneyWeek, The Business, Shares, Investors Chronicle and The Evening Standard (among others), presented on LBC and been a guest on BBC One and BBC World.