boku 2

Payments profits support Identity growth

Boku 14 January 2020 Update
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Boku

Payments profits support Identity growth

Trading update

Software & comp services

14 January 2020

Price

96p

Market cap

£245m

US$1.31: £1

Net cash ($m) at end H119

20.1

Shares in issue

255.1m

Free float

89%

Code

BOKU

Primary exchange

AIM

Secondary exchange

N/A

Share price performance

%

1m

3m

12m

Abs

11.6

(3.5)

16.4

Rel (local)

8.2

(8.9)

4.6

52-week high/low

147.5p

73.0p

Business description

Boku operates a billing and identity verification platform that connects merchants with mobile network operators in more than 50 countries. It has c 180 employees, with its main offices in the US, UK, Germany and India.

Next events

FY19 results

March 2020

Analyst

Katherine Thompson

+44 (0)20 3077 5730

Boku is a research client of Edison Investment Research Limited

Boku’s FY19 trading update confirmed that it met consensus expectations for revenue and EBITDA, albeit aided by recognition of one-off revenues of $3.2m in H2. The Payments business showed strong underlying revenue growth driving a 90% increase in adjusted EBITDA while the Identity business made progress in building out supply outside of the US. We continue to consider the Payments business as the engine for profits while we view the Identity business as a longer-term investment in growth.

Year
end

Revenue ($m)

EBITDA*
($m)

Diluted EPS*
($)

DPS
($)

P/E
(x)

EV/EBITDA
(x)

12/17

24.4

(2.3)

(0.03)

0.0

N/A

N/A

12/18

35.3

6.3

0.02

0.0

81.1

46.2

12/19e

50.0

10.0

0.02

0.0

62.2

29.2

12/20e

54.0

10.5

0.02

0.0

61.9

27.8

12/21e

62.0

14.3

0.03

0.0

39.8

20.4

Note: *EBITDA and EPS are normalised, excluding amortisation of acquired intangibles, exceptional items and share-based payments.

Payments operational leverage evident in FY19

Boku expects to report FY19 revenue of $50–50.5m and EBITDA of $10–10.5m, broadly in line with consensus. Excluding the one-off recognition in H2 of $3.2m revenue from the release of a customer provision, the Payments business grew revenues 14% to $40.1m, and EBITDA 90% to $12.0m, with TPV growth of 39% to $5bn. Good progress was made in increasing the addressable market, with the addition of several e-wallet providers in Asia. The Identity business saw pro forma revenue growth of 26% y-o-y with an EBITDA loss ($5m) marginally smaller than we expected. Several non-US carriers agreed to supply Boku’s authentication service and the business expects to sign additional international carriers in FY20.

Taking a more conservative approach in FY20–21

We have rebased our Payments forecasts to reflect slightly lower than expected TPV in FY19 and slightly lower take rates. Based on FY19 adjusted revenues, we forecast revenue growth of 12% in FY20 and 11% in FY21. In Identity, we factor in revenue growth of 34% in FY20 and 33% in FY21 based off of lower revenues in 2019. As the Payments business has high operational leverage with gross margins of c 95%, the overall impact is to reduce group EBITDA by 40% in FY20 to $10.5m and 43% in FY21 and normalised EPS by 50% and 49% respectively.

Valuation: Identity masks Payments potential

At a group level, Boku is trading at a discount to peers on an EV/Sales basis and a premium on an EV/EBITDA and P/E basis. However, investment in the Identity business masks the performance of the Payments business. For example, if we value the group on a sum-of-the-parts basis, with Payments valued in line with peers on FY20 estimates and Identity included at cost, the group would be worth 108p per share. We believe progress in signing up multinational merchants for its silent authentication solution should improve the valuation of the Identity business, while evidence of e-wallets starting to make a material contribution to Payments revenues could be another driver of upside to estimates and the share price.

Trading update

In Boku’s FY19 trading update, the company confirms that revenues and EBITDA met consensus expectations, at c $50–50.5m and $10–10.5m, respectively. However, the company noted that in H219 it benefited from the recognition of $3.2m in payments revenue from the release of a customer provision – once this is excluded, underlying group revenue was more like $46.8m for the year and EBITDA was $7.0m. At year-end, the company had a cash position of $35.6m compared to our $31.8m forecast. Smoothing out the effect of carrier and merchant payments, the average daily cash balance in December 2019 was $22.4m ($22.2m in June 2019; $24.4m in December 2018).

The table below summarises actual FY19 performance versus our forecasts:

Exhibit 1: FY19 results – actual versus forecast

$m

FY19e

FY19

Diff

FY18

y-o-y

Revenue:

Payments

43.1

43.3

0.4%

35.3

22.7%

Payments – adjusted*

43.1

40.1

-7.0%

35.3

13.7%

Identity

8.9

6.7

-24.8%

0

N/A

Total revenues

52.0

50.0–50.5

-3.9% to -2.9%

35.3

41.7%

Total adjusted revenues*

52.0

46.8–47.2

-10.0% to -9.3%

35.3

32.7%

EBITDA:

Payments

14.6

>15.0

2.9%

6.3

137.2%

Payments – adjusted*

14.6

12.0

-17.7%

6.3

89.8%

Identity

(5.3)

(5.0)

-5.1%

0.0

N/A

Total EBITDA

9.3

10–10.5

7.4 to 12.8%

6.3

58.1%

Total adjusted EBITDA*

9.3

7–7.5

-24.8% to -19.5%

6.3

10.7%

Source: Boku, Edison Investment Research. *Adjusted to remove $3.2m non-recurring revenue. Note: y-o-y increase based on lower end of expected range for revenue and EBITDA.

Payments – operational leverage evident despite lower than expected underlying revenue growth

Total payments revenue in FY19 was c $43.3m, and underlying payments revenue after excluding the $3.2m in one-off revenues was $40.1m, +14% y-o-y. TPV (total payment volume) was $5.0bn (+39% y-o-y), which splits out as $2.3bn in H119 (+47% y-o-y, +14% h-o-h) and $2.7bn in H219 (+34% y-o-y, +18% h-o-h). Based on underlying revenues and TPV, we calculate a take rate of 0.81% for FY19, split as 0.89% in H119 and 0.74% in H219. Monthly active users reached 17.8m in December 2019 (+1.8m in H1, +2.6m in H2), up 32% y-o-y. The company noted that in H119, based on IFRS 15 some revenues were recognised that previously would have been spread over the whole year, bringing $0.4m of revenue into H1 that would previously have been recognised in H2. Adjusted for this and the one-off revenue in H2, the half-yearly revenue split would have been more like $19.8m/$20.3m.

Adjusted revenues were 7% below our forecast at $40.1m, the combination of slightly lower TPV and a take rate of 0.81% versus our 0.85% estimate. It is difficult to predict the precise mix of TPV by merchant and merchant type – the company noted that its focus in 2019 was on plugging in new carriers for some of its higher volume transaction model merchants, who generate TPV at a lower take rate. This increased the proportion of TPV from the transaction model and therefore reduced the overall take rate; we understand that this is not an indication of underlying price pressure. We also note that Boku benefited from the success of Fortnite in 2018, and as gaming merchants typically use the settlement model, this resulted in a higher relative percentage of settlement-type TPV which boosted the take rate. There was no equivalent hit game in 2019. From 2020, the company is aiming to add higher take rate settlement model merchants to the connections built out in 2019.

EBITDA for FY19 was at least $15.0m, and after excluding the one-off revenues, was more like $12.0m. Looking at the growth in adjusted revenues and EBITDA highlights the operational leverage of this business. While revenues increased by 13.7% y-o-y, EBITDA was 90% higher over the same period, helped by a 3% reduction in adjusted operating expenses y-o-y. The company highlighted that it saw promising progress in the e-wallets business in Asia, and while not material to revenues yet, has the potential to materially expand the company’s addressable market at minimal incremental cost.

Identity – building an international business

Identity revenue was c $6.7m in FY19, growth of +26% on a pro forma basis. This implies a revenue split of $3.4m in H119 and $3.3m in H219. Identity EBITDA was -$5.0m for FY19, split out as -$2.35m in H119 and -$2.65m in H219. This compares to our forecast for revenues of $8.9m and EBITDA of -$5.3m.

Boku noted that it restructured the management of this division, and in H2 the business saw some headwinds on the supply side in the US – we understand that one carrier has stopped providing data, although the company is managing to obtain it through other third-party providers.

Prior to acquiring Danal, Boku had identified the opportunity to use its global network of carriers to create an international identity solution for multi-national merchants and saw the Danal platform as a means to accelerate this. When acquired, Danal was a US-focused business; since the acquisition, Boku has concentrated on signing agreements with carriers outside of the US to ensure an adequate supply of customer data for merchants with international business. This has progressed more slowly than desired, but recent announcements on new carriers (one unnamed plus Swisscom) show that progress is now being made in this area and the company expects to sign up more carriers in FY20. On the merchant side, the company noted that it had six potentially transformative customer deals in the pipeline.

No deferred consideration payable

Last week, the company announced that the deferred consideration period for the Danal acquisition was completed as at the end of 2019. As deferred consideration was only payable if the Identity business generated revenues of at least $10m in FY19, the final consideration for the acquisition was confirmed as $25.1m. This comprised the issue of 26.7m Boku shares (19.3m issued in January 2019, 4.6m issued in June 2019 and the final 2.7m held-back shares issued on 7 January 2020), payment of $1m in cash, and the issue of five-year warrants over 1,634,699 shares at an exercise price of 141p. We understand that the shares issued for the acquisition no longer have any lock-in conditions.

Changes to forecasts

We have revised our forecasts to reflect the following:

Payments: we have slightly reduced our TPV and take rate forecasts for FY20–21, reflecting those achieved in FY19. While the headline payments revenue figure implies minimal growth in FY20, once the one-off revenue is excluded, we forecast 12% growth in payment revenues in FY20 followed by growth of 11% in FY21. The cut in our revenue forecasts drops down to the EBITDA level.

Identity: we have reduced our revenue forecasts for FY20–21, assuming that it will take longer to ramp international contracts. As the company is able to control the level of operating expenses, we would expect the EBITDA loss to only be slightly larger in FY20 than we were previously forecasting. Lower revenues in FY21 pushes out the break-even point.

Exhibit 2: Changes to forecasts

$m

FY19e

FY19e

FY20e

FY20e

FY21e

FY21e

Old

New

Change

y-o-y

Old

New

Change

y-o-y

Old

New

Change

y-o-y

Payments revenues

43.1

43.3

0.4%

22.7%

51.1

45.0

-12.0%

3.9%

58.2

50.0

-13.9%

11.3%

Identity revenues

8.9

6.7

-24.7%

N/A

12.0

9.0

-25.0%

34.2%

15.0

12.0

-20.0%

33.3%

Total revenues

52.0

50.0

-3.9%

41.8%

63.1

54.0

-14.5%

7.9%

73.2

62.0

-15.2%

14.9%

Gross profit

44.0

43.4

-1.5%

32.3%

54.6

46.3

-15.1%

6.8%

62.7

52.3

-16.6%

13.0%

Gross margin

84.6%

86.7%

2.1%

-6.2%

86.4%

85.8%

-0.6%

-0.9%

85.8%

84.4%

-1.4%

-1.5%

Payments EBITDA

14.6

15.0

2.8%

58.1%

21.6

14.9

-30.9%

-0.6%

27.6

17.5

-36.6%

17.6%

Identity EBITDA

-5.3

-5.0

-5.2%

N/A

-4.0

-4.4

10.0%

-11.9%

-2.7

-3.2

18.5%

-27.3%

Total EBITDA

9.3

10.0

7.3%

58.1%

17.6

10.5

-40.2%

5.1%

24.9

14.3

-42.6%

36.3%

EBITDA margin

17.9%

20.0%

11.7%

2.1%

27.8%

19.5%

-30.1%

-0.5%

34.1%

23.1%

-32.3%

3.6%

Normalised operating profit

6.6

7.3

10.3%

50.5%

14.8

7.8

-47.5%

6.9%

22.3

11.6

-47.7%

49.6%

Normalised operating margin

12.7%

14.6%

1.9%

0.8%

23.5%

14.4%

-9.1%

-0.1%

30.4%

18.8%

-11.7%

4.3%

Reported operating profit

(3.8)

(3.1)

-18.0%

29.1%

4.5

(2.5)

-155.2%

-19.6%

11.9

1.3

-88.9%

-152.7%

Reported operating margin

-7.3%

-6.2%

1.1%

0.6%

7.2%

-4.6%

-11.8%

1.6%

16.3%

2.1%

-14.2%

6.8%

Normalised PBT

6.0

6.7

11.4%

56.5%

14.1

7.1

-50.0%

5.9%

21.6

11.0

-49.1%

55.9%

Reported PBT

(4.4)

(3.7)

-15.5%

24.6%

3.8

(3.2)

-184.6%

N/A

11.3

0.7

-94.0%

-121.1%

Normalised net income

4.7

5.3

11.4%

56.5%

11.2

5.6

-50.0%

5.9%

17.1

8.7

-49.1%

55.9%

Reported net income

(4.4)

(3.7)

-14.8%

-13.5%

3.4

(2.9)

-184.6%

N/A

9.6

0.6

-94.0%

-119.9%

Normalised basic EPS ($)

0.020

0.022

11.4%

42.3%

0.044

0.022

-50.0%

-0.7%

0.067

0.034

-49.1%

55.4%

Normalised diluted EPS ($)

0.018

0.020

11.4%

30.4%

0.041

0.020

-50.0%

0.4%

0.062

0.032

-49.1%

55.4%

Reported basic EPS ($)

(0.018)

(0.016)

-14.8%

-21.4%

0.014

(0.011)

-184.6%

N/A

0.038

0.002

-94.0%

-119.9%

Net debt/(cash)

(27.3)

(25.0)

-8.6%

-13.5%

(43.5)

(33.8)

-22.3%

35.4%

(66.8)

(48.4)

-27.5%

43.2%

TPV ($bn)

5.05

4.96

-1.9%

39.8%

6.65

6.29

-5.4%

27.0%

7.95

7.54

-5.1%

19.8%

Take rate

0.85%

0.81%

(0.04%)

0.77%

0.71%

(0.06%)

0.73%

0.66%

(0.07%)

Source: Edison Investment Research

Valuation

Exhibit 3: Valuation metrics

EV/Sales

EV/EBITDA

P/E

FCF yield

CY

NY

NY+1

CY

NY

NY+1

CY

NY

NY+1

CY

NY

NY+1

Boku

5.8

5.4

4.7

29.2

27.8

20.4

62.2

61.9

39.8

0.3%

3.0%

4.7%

Bango

7.4

5.0

N/A

43.9

16.2

N/A

N/A

34.9

N/A

2.0%

N/A

N/A

Ingenico

2.4

2.3

2.1

13.5

12.2

11.3

19.5

17.6

16.0

4.7%

4.8%

5.6%

Worldline

5.1

4.8

4.5

21.0

18.4

16.2

39.5

32.1

28.3

2.5%

2.8%

3.2%

Wirecard

4.3

3.4

2.7

14.8

11.1

8.6

25.5

19.1

14.6

3.3%

4.6%

6.3%

FIS

9.9

7.6

7.0

24.4

17.0

15.0

25.8

22.4

19.2

3.4%

4.3%

5.4%

Fiserv

7.0

6.6

6.2

17.9

16.6

15.3

29.2

23.6

20.0

4.1%

5.2%

6.0%

Global Payments

11.5

7.1

6.5

30.9

18.4

16.2

30.9

25.2

20.9

2.6%

4.3%

4.8%

PayPal

7.2

6.1

5.2

27.0

23.1

19.4

36.8

32.4

26.7

2.8%

3.4%

4.3%

Square

12.9

10.2

7.9

69.9

54.3

37.8

87.3

71.0

50.2

1.3%

0.5%

1.8%

Average payment processors

7.5

5.9

5.3

29.3

20.8

17.5

20.1

30.9

24.5

3.0%

3.8%

4.7%

Equifax

5.9

5.6

5.3

17.7

16.4

15.0

26.3

25.3

22.5

N/A

N/A

N/A

Experian

6.7

6.2

5.8

19.2

17.6

16.2

32.1

28.9

26.3

3.8%

4.4%

4.7%

GB Group

7.7

6.9

6.3

31.9

28.7

25.9

43.1

38.8

34.5

2.1%

2.2%

2.4%

TransUnion

7.8

7.2

6.7

19.8

18.0

16.3

33.1

29.2

25.5

N/A

N/A

N/A

Average ID management

7.0

6.5

6.0

22.1

20.2

18.4

33.7

30.6

27.2

3.0%

3.3%

3.6%

Source: Edison Investment Research, Refinitiv (as at 9 January)

On our revised forecasts, on an EV/Sales Boku is trading at a discount to the average of payment processor peers and identity management peers, and on an EV/EBITDA and P/E basis is trading at a premium. However, we believe that the investment Boku is currently making in the Identity business is masking the performance of the Payments business.

As the two business have different growth and profitability dynamics, we take a sum-of-the-parts approach to assign value to each separately. For the Payments business, we use an FY20e EBITDA multiple of 20.8x, the average of its payment processor peers. For the Identity business, we use the value of the acquisition of $25.1m – this is conservative compared to peer valuations but reflects the fact that the business is currently loss-making. Boku paid 4.6x FY18 sales/3.7x FY19 sales for the Identity business, while established identity management businesses are trading on EV/Sales multiples of 5.9–7.8x for FY19e, reflecting average revenue growth of 11.8% and an average EBIT margin of 18.4%.

This generates an equity value for the group of $360m or 108p per share, compared to the current share price of 96p. Excluding the Identity business entirely, the group would be worth $335m or 100p per share, close to the current share price.

The company is working hard to build out a critical mass of international carriers to provide data to support multinational customers. With several material contracts in the pipeline, this business has the scope to see a step change in revenues as they are implemented. With a different margin profile to the Payments business (Identity gross margin c 40% versus 90%+ for Payments), drop down to the EBITDA level will be slower but nonetheless should provide a source of profitable growth in the longer term. We believe that evidence that the Identity business is making progress towards profitability would be a key driver of share price upside.


Exhibit 4: Financial summary

$m

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019e

2020e

2021e

Year end 31 December

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

INCOME STATEMENT

Revenue

 

 

18.3

19.2

17.2

24.4

35.3

50.0

54.0

62.0

Cost of Sales

(4.1)

(4.0)

(3.2)

(2.3)

(2.5)

(6.6)

(7.6)

(9.7)

Gross Profit

14.2

15.2

14.0

22.1

32.8

43.4

46.3

52.3

EBITDA

 

 

(9.6)

(11.4)

(12.3)

(2.3)

6.3

10.0

10.5

14.3

Normalised operating profit

 

 

(9.8)

(12.4)

(13.8)

(4.0)

4.8

7.3

7.8

11.6

Amortisation of acquired intangibles

(0.8)

(1.9)

(1.7)

(1.3)

(1.3)

(1.8)

(1.8)

(1.9)

Exceptionals

(2.1)

(0.1)

(2.4)

(2.2)

(1.4)

(0.1)

0.0

0.0

Share-based payments

(1.7)

(1.8)

(2.1)

(1.5)

(4.6)

(8.5)

(8.5)

(8.5)

Reported operating profit

(14.4)

(16.2)

(19.9)

(9.0)

(2.4)

(3.1)

(2.5)

1.3

Net Interest

(0.6)

(0.4)

(1.2)

(2.4)

(0.6)

(0.6)

(0.7)

(0.6)

Joint ventures & associates (post tax)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Exceptionals

0.0

0.0

0.0

(17.1)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Profit Before Tax (norm)

 

 

(10.4)

(12.8)

(15.0)

(6.4)

4.3

6.7

7.1

11.0

Profit Before Tax (reported)

 

 

(15.0)

(16.6)

(21.1)

(28.5)

(3.0)

(3.7)

(3.2)

0.7

Reported tax

(0.4)

(0.4)

0.5

(0.1)

(1.3)

(0.0)

0.3

(0.1)

Profit After Tax (norm)

(7.8)

(9.6)

(11.2)

(4.8)

3.4

5.3

5.6

8.7

Profit After Tax (reported)

(15.4)

(17.0)

(20.6)

(28.7)

(4.3)

(3.7)

(2.9)

0.6

Minority interests

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Discontinued operations

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Net income (normalised)

(7.8)

(9.6)

(11.2)

(4.8)

3.4

5.3

5.6

8.7

Net income (reported)

(15.4)

(17.0)

(20.6)

(28.7)

(4.3)

(3.7)

(2.9)

0.6

Basic ave. number of shares outstanding (m)

21.3

27.4

140.1

150.3

217.1

238.7

254.5

255.2

EPS - basic normalised ($)

 

 

(0.36)

(0.35)

(0.08)

(0.03)

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

EPS - diluted normalised ($)

 

 

(0.36)

(0.35)

(0.08)

(0.03)

0.02

0.02

0.02

0.03

EPS - basic reported ($)

 

 

(0.72)

(0.62)

(0.15)

(0.19)

(0.02)

(0.02)

(0.01)

0.00

Dividend ($)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Revenue growth (%)

-

4.7

(10.4)

42.0

44.5

41.8

7.9

14.9

Gross Margin (%)

77.6

79.1

81.4

90.7

92.9

86.7

85.8

84.4

EBITDA Margin (%)

(52.5)

(59.2)

(71.4)

(9.5)

17.9

20.0

19.5

23.1

Normalised Operating Margin

(53.2)

(64.4)

(80.0)

(16.5)

13.7

14.6

14.4

18.8

BALANCE SHEET

Fixed Assets

 

 

32.7

30.8

26.8

26.9

23.0

50.6

48.9

49.1

Intangible Assets

32.5

30.1

25.7

25.8

22.5

47.0

45.3

43.2

Tangible Assets

0.2

0.7

0.5

0.4

0.3

2.9

1.5

0.3

Investments & other

0.0

0.0

0.6

0.7

0.3

0.6

2.2

5.6

Current Assets

 

 

72.5

53.0

48.9

79.3

84.0

79.9

92.7

119.3

Stocks

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Debtors

59.7

43.3

37.1

59.1

51.7

49.3

54.3

67.4

Cash & cash equivalents

12.0

9.0

11.3

18.7

31.1

29.4

37.1

50.6

Other

0.7

0.6

0.5

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

Current Liabilities

 

 

(69.6)

(65.5)

(61.0)

(78.0)

(79.6)

(73.3)

(78.6)

(93.9)

Creditors

(64.6)

(60.4)

(54.9)

(75.5)

(77.4)

(68.8)

(75.3)

(91.7)

Tax and social security

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Short term borrowings

(5.0)

(5.1)

(6.1)

(2.5)

(2.2)

(4.5)

(3.3)

(2.2)

Other

0.0

0.0

0.0

(0.0)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Long Term Liabilities

 

 

0.0

(0.3)

(15.2)

(0.2)

(0.8)

(0.8)

(1.3)

(3.8)

Long term borrowings

0.0

(0.2)

(15.1)

(0.0)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other long term liabilities

0.0

(0.1)

(0.1)

(0.1)

(0.8)

(0.8)

(1.3)

(3.8)

Net Assets

 

 

35.5

18.0

(0.4)

28.0

26.6

56.5

61.7

70.7

Minority interests

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Shareholders' equity

 

 

35.5

18.0

(0.4)

28.0

26.6

56.5

61.7

70.7

CASH FLOW

Op Cash Flow before WC and tax

(9.6)

(11.4)

(12.3)

(2.3)

6.3

10.0

10.5

14.3

Working capital

9.3

11.6

(3.4)

1.0

7.2

(6.2)

1.4

3.3

Exceptional & other

(1.6)

1.1

4.2

(5.5)

0.2

(0.8)

(0.4)

0.0

Tax

(0.0)

(0.0)

(0.0)

0.0

(0.2)

(0.4)

(0.7)

(1.0)

Net operating cash flow

 

 

(1.9)

1.3

(11.5)

(6.8)

13.5

2.6

10.9

16.6

Capex

(1.1)

(3.6)

(1.5)

(0.3)

(0.3)

(1.8)

(1.3)

(1.4)

Acquisitions/disposals

5.9

0.3

0.0

0.0

(0.2)

(0.7)

0.0

0.0

Net interest

(0.3)

(0.3)

(0.3)

(0.9)

(0.6)

(0.3)

(0.6)

(0.6)

Equity financing

0.2

0.1

0.1

19.8

0.5

0.4

0.0

0.0

Dividends

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other

0.6

(0.0)

0.1

(1.1)

0.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

Net Cash Flow

3.3

(2.2)

(13.1)

10.6

13.1

0.2

9.0

14.7

Opening net debt/(cash)

 

 

(4.9)

(7.0)

(3.6)

9.9

(16.2)

(28.9)

(25.0)

(33.8)

FX

(1.2)

(0.8)

(0.4)

0.4

(0.5)

(0.3)

(0.2)

(0.1)

Other non-cash movements

0.0

(0.4)

(0.0)

15.1

0.0

(3.8)

0.0

0.0

Closing net debt/(cash)

 

 

(7.0)

(3.6)

9.9

(16.2)

(28.9)

(25.0)

(33.8)

(48.4)

Source: Boku, Edison Investment Research

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United Kingdom

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Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

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60325 Frankfurt

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This report has been commissioned by Boku and prepared and issued by Edison, in consideration of a fee payable by Boku. Edison Investment Research standard fees are £49,500 pa for the production and broad dissemination of a detailed note (Outlook) following by regular (typically quarterly) update notes. Fees are paid upfront in cash without recourse. Edison may seek additional fees for the provision of roadshows and related IR services for the client but does not get remunerated for any investment banking services. We never take payment in stock, options or warrants for any of our services.

Accuracy of content: All information used in the publication of this report has been compiled from publicly available sources that are believed to be reliable, however we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this report and have not sought for this information to be independently verified. Opinions contained in this report represent those of the research department of Edison at the time of publication. Forward-looking information or statements in this report contain information that is based on assumptions, forecasts of future results, estimates of amounts not yet determinable, and therefore involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of their subject matter to be materially different from current expectations.

Exclusion of Liability: To the fullest extent allowed by law, Edison shall not be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential losses, loss of profits, damages, costs or expenses incurred or suffered by you arising out or in connection with the access to, use of or reliance on any information contained on this note.

No personalised advice: The information that we provide should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as, personalised advice. Also, the information provided by us should not be construed by any subscriber or prospective subscriber as Edison’s solicitation to effect, or attempt to effect, any transaction in a security. The securities described in the report may not be eligible for sale in all jurisdictions or to certain categories of investors.

Investment in securities mentioned: Edison has a restrictive policy relating to personal dealing and conflicts of interest. Edison Group does not conduct any investment business and, accordingly, does not itself hold any positions in the securities mentioned in this report. However, the respective directors, officers, employees and contractors of Edison may have a position in any or related securities mentioned in this report, subject to Edison's policies on personal dealing and conflicts of interest.

Copyright: Copyright 2020 Edison Investment Research Limited (Edison). All rights reserved FTSE International Limited (“FTSE”) © FTSE 2020. “FTSE®” is a trade mark of the London Stock Exchange Group companies and is used by FTSE International Limited under license. All rights in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings vest in FTSE and/or its licensors. Neither FTSE nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the FTSE indices and/or FTSE ratings or underlying data. No further distribution of FTSE Data is permitted without FTSE’s express written consent.

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New Zealand

The research in this document is intended for New Zealand resident professional financial advisers or brokers (for use in their roles as financial advisers or brokers) and habitual investors who are “wholesale clients” for the purpose of the Financial Advisers Act 2008 (FAA) (as described in sections 5(c) (1)(a), (b) and (c) of the FAA). This is not a solicitation or inducement to buy, sell, subscribe, or underwrite any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. For the purpose of the FAA, the content of this report is of a general nature, is intended as a source of general information only and is not intended to constitute a recommendation or opinion in relation to acquiring or disposing (including refraining from acquiring or disposing) of securities. The distribution of this document is not a “personalised service” and, to the extent that it contains any financial advice, is intended only as a “class service” provided by Edison within the meaning of the FAA (i.e. without taking into account the particular financial situation or goals of any person). As such, it should not be relied upon in making an investment decision.

United Kingdom

This document is prepared and provided by Edison for information purposes only and should not be construed as an offer or solicitation for investment in any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. A marketing communication under FCA Rules, this document has not been prepared in accordance with the legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and is not subject to any prohibition on dealing ahead of the dissemination of investment research.

This Communication is being distributed in the United Kingdom and is directed only at (i) persons having professional experience in matters relating to investments, i.e. investment professionals within the meaning of Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as amended (the "FPO") (ii) high net-worth companies, unincorporated associations or other bodies within the meaning of Article 49 of the FPO and (iii) persons to whom it is otherwise lawful to distribute it. The investment or investment activity to which this document relates is available only to such persons. It is not intended that this document be distributed or passed on, directly or indirectly, to any other class of persons and in any event and under no circumstances should persons of any other description rely on or act upon the contents of this document.

This Communication is being supplied to you solely for your information and may not be reproduced by, further distributed to or published in whole or in part by, any other person.

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