boku 2

Building on H121 strength

Boku 8 September 2021 Update
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Boku

Building on H121 strength

H121 results

Software & comp services

8 September 2021

Price

207.5p

Market cap

£614m

$1.38/£

Net cash ($m) at end H121

40.2

Shares in issue

295.7m

Free float

93%

Code

BOKU

Primary exchange

AIM

Secondary exchange

N/A

Share price performance

%

1m

3m

12m

Abs

5.1

23.2

120.7

Rel (local)

4.2

21.0

78.1

52-week high/low

207.5p

89.0p

Business description

Boku operates a billing and identity verification platform that connects merchants with mobile network operators in more than 80 countries. It has c 300 employees, with its main offices in the US, UK, Estonia, Germany and India.

Next events

FY21 trading update

January 2022

Analyst

Katherine Thompson

+44 (0)20 3077 5730

Boku is a research client of Edison Investment Research Limited

Boku reported H121 results in line with its recent trading update and management believes the company is on track to meet recently raised expectations for FY21. Building on the success of helping merchants gain mobile-centric customers through its direct carrier billing service, Boku has launched its Mobile First (M1ST) network to provide a single integration to multiple mobile payment methods. With mobile-based payments already outpacing traditional card-based payments in Asia, and growing fast elsewhere, this provides a simple and efficient way for merchants to address the widest range of customers.

Year
end

Revenue ($m)

EBITDA*
($m)

Diluted EPS*
(c)

DPS
(c)

P/E
(x)

EV/EBITDA
(x)

12/19

50.1

7.4**

1.2

0.0

238.2

109.0

12/20

56.4

15.3

3.2

0.0

89.3

52.8

12/21e

68.9

19.6

3.8

0.0

75.8

41.2

12/22e

79.0

22.0

3.9

0.0

73.0

36.7

Note: *EBITDA and EPS are normalised, excluding amortisation of acquired intangibles, exceptional items and share-based payments. **Excludes one-off revenue recognition.

Payments strength and improving Identity demand

Boku reported H121 revenue growth of 39% y-o-y, or 21% on an organic basis; the Payments business grew 39% (20% organic) and Identity 32%. Group EBITDA of $10.3m was 60% higher year-on-year, with Payments growth of 32% and the Identity loss reducing by 58%, and the group EBITDA margin expanded 4pp y-o-y to 30.1%. Normalised operating profit increased 70% y-o-y. Boku closed H121 with net cash of $40.2m, compared to $49.0m at the end of FY20, reflecting the timing of payments to/from carriers and merchants. Management reiterated its plans to invest in the business in H221 and FY22. We maintain our FY21–23 revenue and EBITDA forecasts. We have revised our operating profit and EPS forecasts to reflect higher share-based payments, lower finance costs and higher capitalisation and amortisation of development costs.

Expanding the addressable market

Boku’s M1ST network is designed to provide access to multiple mobile-payment methods via a single integration. Already well-established in direct carrier billing, Boku is building out connections to eWallets and real-time payments to provide merchants the ability to sell to mobile-centric customers wherever they are.

Valuation: Wider market provides upside potential

Valuing the Payments business alone using the average FY21e EV/EBITDA multiple for its peer group (39.3x, up from 37.4x last time we wrote) results in a per share value of 227p, providing upside to the current share price. The Identity business could provide further upside – including it at its unimpaired cost would take the per share value up to 233p. We note that payments companies specialising in simplifying complex payment transactions, such as cross-border transactions or local payment methods, command even higher valuations than the likes of Square (116x FY21e EBITDA) and Adyen (131x).

Review of H121 results

In July, Boku provided a trading update in which it confirmed that it expected to report H121 revenue of at least $34m and adjusted EBITDA of at least $9.6m. The table below summarises actual H121 results. Revenue was in line with this guidance and adjusted EBITDA was slightly ahead.

Exhibit 1: H121 results highlights

H121

H120

y-o-y

Total payment volume (TPV) ($bn)

4.0

3.1

29%

Take rate

0.77%

0.71%

0.06%

Payments ($m)

30.7

22.0

39%

Boku

26.3

22.0

20%

Fortumo

4.4

N/A

N/A

Identity ($m)

3.5

2.7

32%

Group revenue ($m)

34.2

24.7

39%

EBITDA ($m)

Payments

11.2

8.5

32%

Identity

(0.9)

(2.0)

-58%

Group EBITDA

10.3

6.4

60%

Group EBITDA margin

30.1%

26.1%

4.0%

Normalised operating profit ($m)

8.0

4.8

68%

Normalised operating margin

23.4%

19.3%

4.1%

Basic reported EPS (c)

0.59

(0.01)

N/A

Net cash ($m)

40.2

60.4*

-33%

Source: Boku, Edison Investment Research. Note: *Includes funds put in place to acquire Fortumo on 1 July 2020.

Group revenue increased 39% y-o-y, or 21% on an organic basis (Fortumo was acquired on 1 July 2020). The original Boku payments business grew 20% y-o-y and once the Fortumo contribution is included, the Payments business grew 39% y-o-y. The Identity business grew 32% y-o-y, with growth in volume from its existing US customer base combined with growing demand from Indonesian wallet customers.

At the EBITDA level, the Payments business grew 32% y-o-y and the Identity business reduced its loss by 58%, resulting in group EBITDA growth of 60% y-o-y. This excluded the $1.08m reported in other income resulting from the Fortumo earn-out (see below for more detail). Normalised operating profit grew 68% y-o-y with the margin expanding from 19.3% to 23.4%.

The company generated $8.4m cash from operations before working capital movements. A working capital outflow of $17.2m reflected the timing of payments to/from merchants and carriers (we note that H220 saw a working capital cash inflow of $20.5m). Net cash at the end of H121 was $40.2m, with gross cash of $48.6m and remaining debt of $8.4m. Of the $20m debt put in place to acquire Fortumo, $11.25m has been repaid, with $3.9m repaid in H121 ($3m of the revolving credit facility (RCF) and $0.9m of the term loan). The average daily cash balance was $38.0m in June 2021 compared to $25.7m in June 2020.

Fortumo earn-out finalised

When Fortumo was acquired, the consideration included an earn-out of up to $5.4m based on EBITDA achieved in the year to 30 June 2021. The $5.4m was paid into an escrow account when the deal completed. At the end of FY20, the company had estimated that the earn-out would be $3.24m. Post period end, the earn-out was recalculated (and has yet to be finalised) with the Fortumo vendors entitled to a payment of $2.16m, which will be made by 5 October. The remaining $3.24m in the escrow account will be returned to Boku and an exceptional credit (classed as other income) of $1.08m was recognised in H121, ie the difference between the $3.24m contingent consideration at end FY20 and the actual pay-out. Boku has excluded this credit from its adjusted EBITDA and we have excluded it from our normalised operating profit and net income measures.

Payments business addresses wider mcommerce market

The payments business generated total payment volume (TPV) growth of 29% to $4bn in H121. The take rate of 0.77% compared to 0.71% a year ago and 0.78% in H220. Fortumo generates a higher take rate than the group average as it operates a predominantly settlement revenue model; on an underlying basis the take rate was broadly in line with H220.

Monthly active users by the end of H121 reached 29.7 million, up 46% y-o-y (or 28% if Fortumo’s 3.7 million users are excluded) and 3% h-o-h. During H121, 20.8 million new users made their first transaction with Boku, up 91% y-o-y (or 8% once 9.1 million Fortumo new users are excluded).

The business supported launches for Amazon, Apple, DAZN, Epic Games, Google, Netflix, Riot Games, Spotify and Tinder for direct carrier billing, bundling and eWallets. We note that Tinder is a new merchant this year. Four merchants are now using Boku’s eWallet capabilities in addition to direct carrier billing (DCB).

Boku has expanded its regulated payment activities and is now authorised to process regulated payments in 49 countries across Europe and Asia.

Launch of Mobile First (M1ST) network

Recognising that mobile commerce is the fastest growing segment of e-commerce, Boku has evolved its platform to incorporate multiple mobile payment methods with one integration, supporting 330 payment methods across 89 countries. This includes DCB, eWallets and, more recently, real-time payments. Boku estimates it has access to 5.7 billion users via these payment methods. Boku’s aim is to support merchants to acquire, monetise and retain mobile-first customers.

Exhibit 2: Boku’s Mobile First (M1ST) network

Source: Boku

Identity sees better demand in H121

The business added connections in Indonesia, Italy and Spain and strengthened its global partnership with Vodafone. As COVID-19 affected new business in FY20, the company reduced operating costs to partially compensate, and incurred lower travel and marketing costs. Now that demand has returned, the company intends to increase investment in the business. This is already factored into our forecasts.

Outlook and changes to forecasts

Management is confident in its ability to meet the revised, increased expectations for FY21 (ie those estimates that were revised up after the July trading update) based on consensus revenue of $70m and EBITDA of $20m. Our revenue and EBITDA forecasts for FY21–23 are unchanged. However, we have revised our forecasts to reflect a higher level of share-based compensation, higher ongoing capitalisation of development costs (and related amortisation) and lower interest costs as debt reduces faster than anticipated.

Exhibit 3: Changes to forecasts

$'m

FY21e

FY21e

FY22e

FY22e

FY23e

FY23e

Old

New

Change

y-o-y

Old

New

Change

y-o-y

Old

New

Change

y-o-y

Payment revenues

61.9

61.9

-0.1%

20.8%

69.0

69.0

0.0%

11.5%

76.1

76.1

0.0%

10.3%

Identity revenues

7.0

7.0

0.9%

35.7%

10.0

10.0

0.0%

42.5%

13.0

13.0

0.0%

30.0%

Total revenues

68.9

68.9

0.0%

22.1%

79.0

79.0

0.0%

14.6%

89.1

89.1

0.0%

12.8%

Gross profit

62.8

62.8

0.0%

22.0%

71.0

71.0

0.0%

13.0%

79.2

79.2

0.0%

11.6%

Gross margin

91.2%

91.2%

0.0%

-0.1%

89.9%

89.9%

0.0%

-1.3%

88.9%

88.9%

0.0%

-1.0%

Payment EBITDA

22.6

22.5

-0.3%

17.4%

24.5

24.5

0.0%

8.7%

28.3

28.3

0.0%

15.6%

Identity EBITDA

(3.0)

(2.9)

-1.9%

-24.8%

(2.5)

(2.5)

0.0%

-14.9%

(1.6)

(1.6)

0.0%

-38.0%

Total EBITDA

19.6

19.6

0.0%

28.3%

22.0

22.0

0.0%

12.2%

26.7

26.7

0.0%

21.7%

Payment EBITDA margin

36.5%

36.4%

-0.1%

-1.0%

35.5%

35.5%

0.0%

-0.9%

37.2%

37.2%

0.0%

1.7%

Identity EBITDA margin

-43.1%

-41.9%

1.2%

33.7%

-25.0%

-25.0%

0.0%

16.9%

-11.9%

-11.9%

0.0%

13.1%

EBITDA margin

28.4%

28.4%

0.0%

1.4%

27.8%

27.8%

0.0%

-0.6%

30.0%

30.0%

0.0%

2.2%

Normalised operating profit

15.4

15.2

-1.4%

31.0%

17.2

16.2

-5.7%

7.0%

21.5

19.5

-9.2%

20.5%

Normalised operating margin

22.3%

22.0%

-0.3%

1.5%

21.8%

20.5%

-1.3%

-1.5%

24.2%

21.9%

-2.2%

1.4%

Reported operating profit

7.0

5.1

-26.6%

-130.5%

8.8

5.2

-41.3%

1.1%

13.1

8.5

-35.3%

64.5%

Reported operating margin

10.1%

7.4%

-2.7%

37.1%

11.1%

6.5%

-4.6%

-0.9%

14.7%

9.5%

-5.2%

3.0%

Normalised PBT

14.1

14.5

2.5%

31.6%

16.0

15.3

-4.5%

6.0%

20.4

18.7

-8.3%

22.1%

Reported PBT

5.7

4.4

-22.6%

-125.4%

7.6

4.3

-44.2%

-3.3%

12.0

7.6

-36.2%

79.6%

Normalised net income

11.3

11.6

2.5%

31.6%

12.8

12.3

-4.5%

6.0%

16.1

14.8

-8.3%

20.6%

Reported net income

5.1

4.0

-22.6%

-121.1%

6.5

3.6

-44.2%

-8.7%

10.2

6.5

-36.2%

79.6%

Normalised basic EPS ($)

0.039

0.040

2.5%

23.2%

0.043

0.041

-5.0%

3.7%

0.054

0.049

-9.6%

19.4%

Normalised diluted EPS ($)

0.037

0.038

2.5%

17.8%

0.041

0.039

-5.0%

3.8%

0.052

0.047

-9.6%

19.4%

Reported basic EPS ($)

0.017

0.014

-22.6%

-119.7%

0.022

0.012

-44.5%

-10.7%

0.034

0.022

-37.1%

77.8%

Net debt/(cash)

(62.0)

(62.1)

0.3%

26.7%

(83.2)

(80.7)

-3.1%

29.8%

(108.5)

(103.3)

-4.9%

28.0%

TPV ($bn)

8.19

8.19

0.0%

18.0%

9.30

9.30

0.0%

13.6%

10.38

10.38

0.0%

11.6%

Take rate

0.76%

0.76%

0.00%

0.01%

0.74%

0.74%

0.00%

-0.01%

0.73%

0.73%

0.00%

-0.01%

Source: Edison Investment Research

Valuation

On P/E multiples, Boku is trading at a premium to the average of payment processor peers and identity management peers; on an EV/sales and EV/EBITDA basis it is trading at a large discount to payment peers. However, we believe that the investment Boku is currently making in the Identity business is masking the performance of the Payments business.

As the two business have different growth and profitability dynamics, we take a sum-of-the-parts approach to assign value to each separately. Looking at the Payments business on its own, we forecast that it will generate EBITDA margins in line with its peer group so we use an FY21e EBITDA multiple of 39.3x, the average of its payment processor peers (excluding Square). For the Identity business, we use the value of the acquisition of $25m; this is conservative compared to peer valuations but reflects the fact that the business is currently loss-making. Boku paid the equivalent of 3.6x FY21e sales for the Identity business, while established identity management businesses are trading on EV/sales multiples of 7.6–8.7x for FY21e. Although the company took a goodwill write-down in FY20 for this division, management has confirmed that it expects revenue to accelerate from the current level as it activates the merchants that recently signed up. It is worth bearing in mind that the DCB business took many years to reach break-even. For the historical financials to which we have access, Boku was loss-making at the EBITDA level from FY14 to FY17, with revenues growing from $18.3m to $24.4m over the same period, and we would expect that the company was loss-making for the period before that since its launch in 2008.

This approach generates an equity value for the group of $950m or 233p per share, compared to the current share price of 207.5p. Excluding the Identity business entirely, the group would be worth $925m or 227p per share, still well ahead of the current share price. As the company reports more material progress from digital wallets, this could provide upside to our forecasts.

Exhibit 4: Peer valuation multiples

EV/sales

EV/EBITDA

P/E

FCF yield

CY

NY

NY+1

CY

NY

NY+1

CY

NY

NY+1

CY

NY

NY+1

Boku

11.7

10.2

9.0

41.2

36.7

30.2

75.8

73.0

61.1

1.7%

2.3%

2.8%

Adyen

80.4

58.1

42.9

131.0

92.7

67.0

184.4

130.3

95.4

0.8%

1.0%

1.4%

Bango

10.5

8.4

N/A

34.4

24.9

N/A

57.4

42.3

N/A

1.9%

2.5%

N/A

Worldline

4.8

4.4

4.1

19.0

16.4

14.6

29.8

24.8

21.7

2.9%

4.1%

4.8%

FIS

6.7

6.2

5.7

15.0

13.5

12.3

19.2

16.7

14.8

4.9%

6.3%

7.1%

Fiserv

6.3

5.9

5.5

15.2

13.8

12.5

20.7

17.7

15.2

5.2%

6.3%

6.8%

Global Payments

7.2

6.6

6.0

15.4

13.6

12.3

19.4

16.6

14.5

5.1%

6.1%

7.7%

PayPal

13.0

10.6

8.8

45.2

37.6

29.9

61.5

49.3

39.3

1.8%

2.3%

2.9%

Square

6.5

5.8

4.8

115.9

92.3

65.0

141.2

113.9

84.0

0.5%

1.0%

1.5%

Average Payment Processors

16.9

13.2

11.1

48.9

38.1

30.5

66.7

51.4

40.7

2.9%

3.7%

4.6%

Average Payment Processors excl. Square

18.4

14.3

12.2

39.3

30.4

24.8

56.1

42.5

33.5

3.2%

4.1%

5.1%

Equifax

7.8

7.3

6.8

22.5

19.5

17.3

37.3

31.2

26.8

2.0%

3.0%

3.5%

Experian

7.6

7.0

6.4

21.8

19.7

18.0

37.8

33.5

30.1

3.9%

4.2%

4.6%

GB Group

8.7

7.8

7.2

36.0

31.2

30.2

48.1

42.5

40.4

2.5%

2.9%

N/A

TransUnion

8.7

8.1

7.5

22.0

20.0

18.1

33.7

30.2

26.7

2.8%

3.1%

3.5%

Average ID management

8.2

7.6

7.0

25.6

22.6

20.9

39.2

34.3

31.0

2.8%

3.3%

3.9%

Source: Edison Investment Research, Refinitiv (as at 7 September)

Exhibit 5: Peer financial metrics

Share

price

Market

cap (m)

Rev growth

EBITDA margin

EBIT margin

LY

CY

NY

NY+1

LY

CY

NY

NY+1

LY

CY

NY

NY+1

Boku

207.5

614

20.3%

22.1%

14.6%

12.8%

27.1%

28.4%

27.8%

30.0%

20.5%

22.0%

20.5%

21.9%

Adyen

2705

82,476

37.8%

43.9%

38.4%

35.3%

58.8%

61.4%

62.6%

64.0%

54.6%

58.2%

59.4%

59.8%

Bango

211.5

161

30.7%

20.8%

26.0%

N/A

37.5%

30.6%

33.5%

N/A

16.2%

13.9%

19.7%

N/A

Worldline

72.98

20,492

7.9%

97.2%

9.2%

7.8%

26.9%

25.4%

27.0%

28.2%

20.1%

17.4%

20.0%

21.1%

FIS

125.39

77,452

21.5%

11.1%

8.0%

7.3%

41.9%

44.2%

45.5%

46.6%

33.9%

35.9%

37.8%

36.7%

Fiserv

115.66

76,591

3.7%)

11.0%

7.4%

7.2%

39.9%

41.5%

42.8%

44.0%

31.4%

34.4%

35.8%

37.0%

Global Payments

158.01

46,415

47.1%

14.5%

9.7%

9.1%

45.0%

46.7%

48.1%

48.8%

39.7%

42.1%

43.9%

44.2%

PayPal

289.13

339,737

20.7%

20.2%

22.8%

21.0%

28.6%

28.9%

28.3%

29.3%

25.1%

25.5%

26.3%

26.7%

Square

269.74

123,999

318%

101%

12.4%

20.1%

5.0%

5.6%

6.3%

7.4%

4.9%

4.6%

5.8%

7.0%

Average Payment Processors

59.9%

40.0%

16.8%

15.4%

35.4%

35.5%

36.8%

38.3%

28.2%

29.0%

31.1%

33.2%

Average Payment Processors excl. Square

23.1%

31.2%

17.4%

14.6%

39.8%

39.8%

41.1%

43.5%

31.6%

32.5%

34.7%

37.6%

Equifax

278.28

33,905

17.7%

16.7%

6.3%

7.5%

34.9%

34.5%

37.5%

39.3%

28.7%

24.5%

27.9%

30.3%

Experian

3313

30,626

3.7%

13.8%

8.9%

8.8%

34.2%

35.0%

35.4%

35.7%

25.7%

25.7%

26.2%

26.6%

GB Group

940

1,856

9.3%

(2.6%)

10.5%

9.4%

28.2%

24.1%

25.1%

23.8%

26.6%

22.7%

23.5%

22.8%

TransUnion

124.47

23,836

2.3%

12.7%

7.7%

8.4%

38.5%

39.8%

40.6%

41.3%

32.1%

31.0%

31.8%

32.7%

Average ID management

8.2%

10.2%

8.3%

8.5%

34.0%

33.3%

34.7%

35.0%

28.3%

26.0%

27.3%

28.1%

Source: Edison Investment Research, Refinitiv (as at 7 September)

Exhibit 6: Financial summary

$m

2017

2018

2019

2020

2021e

2022e

2023e

Year end 31 December

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

IFRS

INCOME STATEMENT

Revenue

 

 

24.4

35.3

50.1

56.4

68.9

79.0

89.1

Cost of Sales

(2.3)

(2.5)

(5.6)

(4.9)

(6.1)

(8.0)

(9.9)

Gross Profit

22.1

32.8

44.6

51.5

62.8

71.0

79.2

EBITDA

 

 

(2.3)

6.3

10.7

15.3

19.6

22.0

26.7

Normalised operating profit

 

 

(4.0)

4.8

4.5

11.6

15.2

16.2

19.5

Amortisation of acquired intangibles

(1.3)

(1.3)

(1.6)

(2.2)

(3.1)

(3.1)

(3.1)

Exceptionals

(2.2)

(1.4)

(0.3)

(21.1)

1.0

0.0

0.0

Share-based payments

(1.5)

(4.6)

(6.8)

(4.9)

(8.0)

(8.0)

(8.0)

Reported operating profit

(9.0)

(2.4)

(4.1)

(16.7)

5.1

5.2

8.5

Net Interest

(2.4)

(0.6)

(0.4)

(0.6)

(0.7)

(0.9)

(0.8)

Joint ventures & associates (post tax)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Exceptionals

(17.1)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Profit Before Tax (norm)

 

 

(6.4)

4.3

4.1

11.0

14.5

15.3

18.7

Profit Before Tax (reported)

 

 

(28.5)

(3.0)

(1.3)

(17.3)

4.4

4.3

7.6

Reported tax

(0.1)

(1.3)

1.7

(1.5)

(0.4)

(0.6)

(1.1)

Profit After Tax (norm)

(4.8)

3.4

3.2

8.8

11.6

12.3

14.8

Profit After Tax (reported)

(28.7)

(4.3)

0.4

(18.8)

4.0

3.6

6.5

Minority interests

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Discontinued operations

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Net income (normalised)

(4.8)

3.4

3.2

8.8

11.6

12.3

14.8

Net income (reported)

(28.7)

(4.3)

0.4

(18.8)

4.0

3.6

6.5

Basic average number of shares outstanding (m)

150.3

217.1

246.8

273.8

292.6

299.1

302.1

EPS - basic normalised ($)

 

 

(0.03)

0.02

0.01

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.05

EPS - diluted normalised ($)

 

 

(0.03)

0.02

0.01

0.03

0.04

0.04

0.05

EPS - basic reported ($)

 

 

(0.19)

(0.02)

0.00

(0.07)

0.01

0.01

0.02

Dividend ($)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Revenue growth (%)

42.0

44.5

42.2

12.5

22.1

14.6

12.8

Gross Margin (%)

90.7

92.9

88.9

91.3

91.2

89.9

88.9

EBITDA Margin (%)

(9.5)

17.9

21.3

27.1

28.4

27.8

30.0

Normalised Operating Margin

(16.5)

13.7

9.0

20.5

22.0

20.5

21.9

BALANCE SHEET

Fixed Assets

 

 

26.9

23.0

52.2

69.8

69.2

67.1

63.1

Intangible Assets

25.8

22.5

46.8

65.6

65.4

63.9

61.1

Tangible Assets

0.4

0.3

3.5

3.8

2.8

1.8

0.8

Investments & other

0.7

0.3

1.8

0.5

1.0

1.4

1.3

Current Assets

 

 

79.3

84.0

89.2

155.2

205.9

242.6

282.7

Stocks

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Debtors

59.1

51.7

53.6

92.5

134.3

153.7

172.6

Cash & cash equivalents

18.7

31.1

34.7

61.3

70.1

87.4

108.8

Other

1.4

1.3

0.9

1.4

1.4

1.4

1.4

Current Liabilities

 

 

(78.0)

(79.6)

(81.8)

(139.7)

(180.8)

(205.1)

(228.1)

Creditors

(75.5)

(77.4)

(78.0)

(136.8)

(179.4)

(203.6)

(226.4)

Tax and social security

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Short term borrowings

(2.5)

(2.2)

(2.1)

(1.4)

(1.4)

(1.4)

(1.4)

Other

(0.0)

0.0

(1.7)

(1.4)

(0.0)

(0.1)

(0.2)

Long Term Liabilities

 

 

(0.2)

(0.8)

(2.6)

(13.6)

(9.4)

(8.1)

(6.9)

Long term borrowings

(0.0)

0.0

0.0

(10.8)

(6.6)

(5.3)

(4.1)

Other long term liabilities

(0.1)

(0.8)

(2.6)

(2.8)

(2.8)

(2.8)

(2.8)

Net Assets

 

 

28.0

26.6

57.0

71.8

84.8

96.4

110.9

Minority interests

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Shareholders' equity

 

 

28.0

26.6

57.0

71.8

84.8

96.4

110.9

CASH FLOW

Op Cash Flow before WC and tax

(2.3)

6.3

7.4

15.3

19.6

22.0

26.7

Working capital

1.0

7.2

3.0

20.1

0.8

4.8

4.0

Exceptional & other

(5.5)

0.2

(1.3)

(3.8)

1.0

0.0

0.0

Tax

0.0

(0.2)

(0.1)

(0.3)

(1.0)

(1.0)

(1.0)

Net operating cash flow

 

 

(6.8)

13.5

9.0

31.3

20.4

25.8

29.7

Capex

(0.3)

(0.3)

(2.1)

(3.4)

(5.7)

(5.8)

(5.8)

Acquisitions/disposals

0.0

(0.2)

(0.7)

(36.6)

0.0

0.0

0.0

Net interest

(0.9)

(0.6)

(0.4)

(1.0)

(0.6)

(0.8)

(0.8)

Equity financing

19.8

0.5

0.6

26.2

1.1

0.0

0.0

Dividends

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other

(1.1)

0.2

(1.5)

(2.6)

(2.1)

(0.6)

(0.6)

Net Cash Flow

10.6

13.1

4.857

13.8

13.1

18.5

22.6

Opening net debt/(cash)

 

 

9.9

(16.2)

(28.9)

(32.6)

(49.0)

(62.1)

(80.7)

FX

0.4

(0.5)

(1.1)

1.3

0.0

0.0

0.0

Other non-cash movements

15.1

(0.0)

(0.0)

1.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

Closing net debt/(cash)

 

 

(16.2)

(28.9)

(32.6)

(49.0)

(62.1)

(80.7)

(103.3)

Source: Boku, Edison Investment Research

General disclaimer and copyright

This report has been commissioned by Boku and prepared and issued by Edison, in consideration of a fee payable by Boku. Edison Investment Research standard fees are £49,500 pa for the production and broad dissemination of a detailed note (Outlook) following by regular (typically quarterly) update notes. Fees are paid upfront in cash without recourse. Edison may seek additional fees for the provision of roadshows and related IR services for the client but does not get remunerated for any investment banking services. We never take payment in stock, options or warrants for any of our services.

Accuracy of content: All information used in the publication of this report has been compiled from publicly available sources that are believed to be reliable, however we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this report and have not sought for this information to be independently verified. Opinions contained in this report represent those of the research department of Edison at the time of publication. Forward-looking information or statements in this report contain information that is based on assumptions, forecasts of future results, estimates of amounts not yet determinable, and therefore involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of their subject matter to be materially different from current expectations.

Exclusion of Liability: To the fullest extent allowed by law, Edison shall not be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential losses, loss of profits, damages, costs or expenses incurred or suffered by you arising out or in connection with the access to, use of or reliance on any information contained on this note.

No personalised advice: The information that we provide should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as, personalised advice. Also, the information provided by us should not be construed by any subscriber or prospective subscriber as Edison’s solicitation to effect, or attempt to effect, any transaction in a security. The securities described in the report may not be eligible for sale in all jurisdictions or to certain categories of investors.

Investment in securities mentioned: Edison has a restrictive policy relating to personal dealing and conflicts of interest. Edison Group does not conduct any investment business and, accordingly, does not itself hold any positions in the securities mentioned in this report. However, the respective directors, officers, employees and contractors of Edison may have a position in any or related securities mentioned in this report, subject to Edison's policies on personal dealing and conflicts of interest.

Copyright: Copyright 2021 Edison Investment Research Limited (Edison).

Australia

Edison Investment Research Pty Ltd (Edison AU) is the Australian subsidiary of Edison. Edison AU is a Corporate Authorised Representative (1252501) of Crown Wealth Group Pty Ltd who holds an Australian Financial Services Licence (Number: 494274). This research is issued in Australia by Edison AU and any access to it, is intended only for "wholesale clients" within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of Australia. Any advice given by Edison AU is general advice only and does not take into account your personal circumstances, needs or objectives. You should, before acting on this advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. If our advice relates to the acquisition, or possible acquisition, of a particular financial product you should read any relevant Product Disclosure Statement or like instrument.

New Zealand

The research in this document is intended for New Zealand resident professional financial advisers or brokers (for use in their roles as financial advisers or brokers) and habitual investors who are “wholesale clients” for the purpose of the Financial Advisers Act 2008 (FAA) (as described in sections 5(c) (1)(a), (b) and (c) of the FAA). This is not a solicitation or inducement to buy, sell, subscribe, or underwrite any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. For the purpose of the FAA, the content of this report is of a general nature, is intended as a source of general information only and is not intended to constitute a recommendation or opinion in relation to acquiring or disposing (including refraining from acquiring or disposing) of securities. The distribution of this document is not a “personalised service” and, to the extent that it contains any financial advice, is intended only as a “class service” provided by Edison within the meaning of the FAA (i.e. without taking into account the particular financial situation or goals of any person). As such, it should not be relied upon in making an investment decision.

United Kingdom

This document is prepared and provided by Edison for information purposes only and should not be construed as an offer or solicitation for investment in any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. A marketing communication under FCA Rules, this document has not been prepared in accordance with the legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and is not subject to any prohibition on dealing ahead of the dissemination of investment research.

This Communication is being distributed in the United Kingdom and is directed only at (i) persons having professional experience in matters relating to investments, i.e. investment professionals within the meaning of Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as amended (the "FPO") (ii) high net-worth companies, unincorporated associations or other bodies within the meaning of Article 49 of the FPO and (iii) persons to whom it is otherwise lawful to distribute it. The investment or investment activity to which this document relates is available only to such persons. It is not intended that this document be distributed or passed on, directly or indirectly, to any other class of persons and in any event and under no circumstances should persons of any other description rely on or act upon the contents of this document.

This Communication is being supplied to you solely for your information and may not be reproduced by, further distributed to or published in whole or in part by, any other person.

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United States of America

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Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

General disclaimer and copyright

This report has been commissioned by Boku and prepared and issued by Edison, in consideration of a fee payable by Boku. Edison Investment Research standard fees are £49,500 pa for the production and broad dissemination of a detailed note (Outlook) following by regular (typically quarterly) update notes. Fees are paid upfront in cash without recourse. Edison may seek additional fees for the provision of roadshows and related IR services for the client but does not get remunerated for any investment banking services. We never take payment in stock, options or warrants for any of our services.

Accuracy of content: All information used in the publication of this report has been compiled from publicly available sources that are believed to be reliable, however we do not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of this report and have not sought for this information to be independently verified. Opinions contained in this report represent those of the research department of Edison at the time of publication. Forward-looking information or statements in this report contain information that is based on assumptions, forecasts of future results, estimates of amounts not yet determinable, and therefore involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of their subject matter to be materially different from current expectations.

Exclusion of Liability: To the fullest extent allowed by law, Edison shall not be liable for any direct, indirect or consequential losses, loss of profits, damages, costs or expenses incurred or suffered by you arising out or in connection with the access to, use of or reliance on any information contained on this note.

No personalised advice: The information that we provide should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as, personalised advice. Also, the information provided by us should not be construed by any subscriber or prospective subscriber as Edison’s solicitation to effect, or attempt to effect, any transaction in a security. The securities described in the report may not be eligible for sale in all jurisdictions or to certain categories of investors.

Investment in securities mentioned: Edison has a restrictive policy relating to personal dealing and conflicts of interest. Edison Group does not conduct any investment business and, accordingly, does not itself hold any positions in the securities mentioned in this report. However, the respective directors, officers, employees and contractors of Edison may have a position in any or related securities mentioned in this report, subject to Edison's policies on personal dealing and conflicts of interest.

Copyright: Copyright 2021 Edison Investment Research Limited (Edison).

Australia

Edison Investment Research Pty Ltd (Edison AU) is the Australian subsidiary of Edison. Edison AU is a Corporate Authorised Representative (1252501) of Crown Wealth Group Pty Ltd who holds an Australian Financial Services Licence (Number: 494274). This research is issued in Australia by Edison AU and any access to it, is intended only for "wholesale clients" within the meaning of the Corporations Act 2001 of Australia. Any advice given by Edison AU is general advice only and does not take into account your personal circumstances, needs or objectives. You should, before acting on this advice, consider the appropriateness of the advice, having regard to your objectives, financial situation and needs. If our advice relates to the acquisition, or possible acquisition, of a particular financial product you should read any relevant Product Disclosure Statement or like instrument.

New Zealand

The research in this document is intended for New Zealand resident professional financial advisers or brokers (for use in their roles as financial advisers or brokers) and habitual investors who are “wholesale clients” for the purpose of the Financial Advisers Act 2008 (FAA) (as described in sections 5(c) (1)(a), (b) and (c) of the FAA). This is not a solicitation or inducement to buy, sell, subscribe, or underwrite any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. For the purpose of the FAA, the content of this report is of a general nature, is intended as a source of general information only and is not intended to constitute a recommendation or opinion in relation to acquiring or disposing (including refraining from acquiring or disposing) of securities. The distribution of this document is not a “personalised service” and, to the extent that it contains any financial advice, is intended only as a “class service” provided by Edison within the meaning of the FAA (i.e. without taking into account the particular financial situation or goals of any person). As such, it should not be relied upon in making an investment decision.

United Kingdom

This document is prepared and provided by Edison for information purposes only and should not be construed as an offer or solicitation for investment in any securities mentioned or in the topic of this document. A marketing communication under FCA Rules, this document has not been prepared in accordance with the legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and is not subject to any prohibition on dealing ahead of the dissemination of investment research.

This Communication is being distributed in the United Kingdom and is directed only at (i) persons having professional experience in matters relating to investments, i.e. investment professionals within the meaning of Article 19(5) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Financial Promotion) Order 2005, as amended (the "FPO") (ii) high net-worth companies, unincorporated associations or other bodies within the meaning of Article 49 of the FPO and (iii) persons to whom it is otherwise lawful to distribute it. The investment or investment activity to which this document relates is available only to such persons. It is not intended that this document be distributed or passed on, directly or indirectly, to any other class of persons and in any event and under no circumstances should persons of any other description rely on or act upon the contents of this document.

This Communication is being supplied to you solely for your information and may not be reproduced by, further distributed to or published in whole or in part by, any other person.

United States

Edison relies upon the "publishers' exclusion" from the definition of investment adviser under Section 202(a)(11) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and corresponding state securities laws. This report is a bona fide publication of general and regular circulation offering impersonal investment-related advice, not tailored to a specific investment portfolio or the needs of current and/or prospective subscribers. As such, Edison does not offer or provide personal advice and the research provided is for informational purposes only. No mention of a particular security in this report constitutes a recommendation to buy, sell or hold that or any security, or that any particular security, portfolio of securities, transaction or investment strategy is suitable for any specific person.

Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

Frankfurt +49 (0)69 78 8076 960

Schumannstrasse 34b

60325 Frankfurt

Germany

London +44 (0)20 3077 5700

280 High Holborn

London, WC1V 7EE

United Kingdom

New York +1 646 653 7026

1185 Avenue of the Americas

3rd Floor, New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Sydney +61 (0)2 8249 8342

Level 4, Office 1205

95 Pitt Street, Sydney

NSW 2000, Australia

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